IPEX (immune dysregulation, polyendocrinopathy, enteropathy, X-linked) is an X-linked recessive syndrome involving aggressive autoimmunity.
This rare disorder results from mutation of the transcriptional activator, FoxP3, which causes regulatory T-cell dysfunction and a subsequent autoimmune disorder.
IPEX syndrome manifests as severe enlargement of the secondary lymphoid organs, type 1 diabetes mellitus, eczema, food allergies, and infections. Secondary enteropathy leads to persistent diarrhea.
Diagnosis of IPEX syndrome is suggested by clinical features and confirmed by genetic analysis.
Nademi Z, Slatter M, Gambineri E, et al: Single centre experience of haematopoietic SCT for patients with immunodysregulation, polyendocrinopathy, enteropathy, X-linked syndrome. Bone Marrow Transplant 49(2):310–312, 2014.