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Introduction to Vaginitis, Cervicitis, and Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

By David E. Soper, MD, J. Marion Sims Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of South Carolina

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The lower and upper female genital tracts are separated by the cervix. Inflammation of the lower tract may involve the vagina (vaginitis—see Overview of Vaginitis), vulva (vulvitis), or both (vulvovaginitis).

Pelvic inflammatory disease (see Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)) is infection of the upper tract: uterus, fallopian tubes, and, if infection is severe, ovaries (one or both). The cervix may also be inflamed (cervicitis—see Cervicitis).