Age-related macular degeneration causes progressive damage to the macula, the central and most vital area of the retina, resulting in gradual loss of central vision.
Central vision becomes washed out and loses detail, and straight lines may appear wavy.
Changes in the eye that characterize macular degeneration can often be identified by a doctor using specialized instruments during the examination.
Dietary supplements may help slow progression of the disorder.
Eye injections and laser treatments may be necessary for some people.
The retina is the transparent, light-sensitive structure at the back of the eye. The central area of the retina, called the macula, contains a high density of light-sensing cells. These cells produce the sharpest visual images and are responsible for central and color vision.
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible loss of central vision in the elderly. It is equally common among men and women. It is more common among whites.