The skeletal system is made up of 206 bones and provides support, allows for movement, and protects the internal organs of the body. Sometimes too much pressure is applied to a bone that results in what is known as a fracture. Fractures are commonly caused by a fall, strike from an object, or by twisting or bending of the bone. When the bone is only cracked or partially broken, doctors refer to it as an incomplete fracture.
A hairline fracture is an incomplete fracture, like a crack that does not break all the way through the bone. It usually is the result of a relatively minor injury. A greenstick fracture is an incomplete fracture that is similar to the break of a young tree branch. Only one side of the bone breaks causing the bone to bend. Both hairline and greenstick fractures are usually treated by immobilization with a cast to allow it to mend.
When the bone is broken into pieces, doctors refer to it as a complete fracture. A simple fracture is a complete fracture where the bone is broken into two fragments. This break can be
A comminuted (or multifragmentary) fracture is a complete fracture where the bone is broken into several fragments. This type of fracture is usually a result of a severe injury. Both simple and comminuted fractures are usually treated with immobilization with a cast or sometimes with pins screws and plates.
All fractures must be taken seriously. If you think that a bone has been fractured, you should seek immediate medical attention.