Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). An STD is an infection that is spread from person to person by sexual contact. Gonorrhea infects your genitals and, in women, your fallopian tubes and ovaries. Fallopian tubes connect your ovaries (sex glands where your eggs are stored) with your uterus.
Sometimes, oral sex can cause a throat infection with gonorrhea. Anal sex can cause an infection in your rectum (where your poop is stored) with gonorrhea.
You can get gonorrhea through vaginal, oral, or anal sex with an infected person
A pregnant woman can spread gonorrhea to her baby’s eyes during birth
Gonorrhea causes symptoms on your infected body part, but it can spread to other parts of your body, such as your joints or skin
If you're sexually active or pregnant, talk to your doctor about a screening test for gonorrhea
Doctors treat gonorrhea with antibiotics
A woman who has gonorrhea and doesn't get treated can get pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). PID is an infection in your uterus, fallopian tubes, or both. PID can also spread to your ovaries and your bloodstream. PID can damage your reproductive organs and make it difficult to have a baby.
A man who has gonorrhea can develop epididymitis, an infection of the epididymis. The epididymis is the coiled tube on top of each testicle. Epididymitis causes pain and swelling in your scrotum.
Your doctor may put a small cotton swab in your penis, throat, or rectum to get a sample of fluid to test. In women, your doctor will look in your vagina using a plastic speculum and swab the discharge from your cervix (the lower part of your womb that opens into your vagina).
If you're pregnant or are at higher risk of having gonorrhea, your doctor may do a urine test for gonorrhea when you don't have any symptoms. Women are at higher risk if they:
Men are at higher risk if they:
Doctors may also test your blood or urine for other STDs because many people have more than one STD.
Give you a shot of antibiotics into a muscle
Give you antibiotics to take by mouth
Tell you to avoid having sex until you take all of your antibiotics to prevent spreading gonorrhea
Treat you in the hospital with antibiotics by vein (IV) if the infection spread to your joints
Test and treat your sex partner for gonorrhea