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Zinc ˈziŋk

By Melissa G. Marko, PhD, Senior Clinical Scientist, Nestle Nutrition
Ara DerMarderosian, PhD, Professor Emeritus of Biology and Pharmacognosy, University of the Sciences

Zinc, a mineral, is required in small quantities for many metabolic processes. Dietary sources include oysters, beef, and fortified cereals.

Medicinal claims

People most often take zinc in the form of lozenges to reduce the duration of cold symptoms. Scientific studies are inconsistent, but if zinc has an effect, it probably is small and occurs only when it is taken very soon after cold symptoms develop.

Some people take zinc to slow the progression of age-related macular degeneration or to help heal wounds because zinc deficiency delays wound healing. Mild zinc deficiency impairs growth in children and can be corrected with zinc supplementation.

Possible side effects

Zinc is generally safe, but toxicity can develop if high doses are taken. The common side effects of zinc lozenges include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, mouth irritation, mouth sores, and bad taste. Because zinc is a trace metal and can remove other necessary metals from the body, zinc lozenges should not be taken for more than 14 days. Zinc sprays may cause nose and throat irritation.

Possible drug interactions

The effects of certain antibiotics may be lowered by the consumption of zinc supplements.

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