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HIV-Associated Nephropathy (Reticular Inclusions)

HIV-associated nephropathy can be distinguished from focal segmental glomerulosclerosis by reticular inclusions in endothelial cell cytoplasm on transmission electron microscopy ( × 20,000). However, these reticular inclusions are now rare with use of highly active antiretroviral therapy.

Image provided by Agnes Fogo, MD and the American Journal of Kidney Disease’s Atlas of Renal Pathology (see