Overview of GI Disorders in Neonates and Infants
(See also Dehydration and Fluid Therapy in Children.)
Gastrointestinal disorders can affect neonates and infants:
Infectious gastroenteritis is the most common pediatric GI disorder. About 5 billion episodes occur worldwide each year, most commonly in developing countries among children < 5 yr. Death due to dehydration occurs in about 2 million cases/yr. In the US, 15 to 25 million cases occur annually, resulting in 300 to 400 deaths. About 2% of children in developed countries will require hospitalization at some time due to acute gastroenteritis and dehydration. In the US, acute gastroenteritis accounts for an estimated 200,000 hospitalizations and 3 to 5 million outpatient visits at a cost in excess of 1 billion dollars.