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The Eye Examination

By Kathryn Colby, MD, PhD

A person with eye or vision problems describes the location and duration of the symptoms, and then the ophthalmologist examines the eye, the area around it, and possibly other parts of the body, depending on the suspected cause. An ophthalmologist is a medical doctor who specializes in the evaluation and treatment (surgical and nonsurgical) of eye disorders. An eye examination usually includes refraction, visual field testing, ophthalmoscopy (also called funduscopy), a slit-lamp examination, and tonometry. By having the person look in all directions, the examiner can determine how the cranial nerves supplying the muscles that move the eyes (called extraocular muscles) are functioning.

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