Doctors and dentists are both often involved in the diagnosis of disorders that affect the mouth, although usually doctors are the ones who would treat a diagnosed disorder. Changes in the color of the mouth’s tissues sometimes signal a bodywide disease. Dentists diagnose and treat disorders of the teeth. A healthy mouth and teeth are essential to the quality of life.
Mouth and Dental Disorders
Mouth and Dental Disorders Sections (A-Z)
Biology of the Mouth and Teeth
Lip and Tongue Disorders
Symptoms of Oral and Dental Disorders
The temporomandibular joints are the connections between the temporal bones of the skull and the lower jawbone (mandible). There are two temporomandibular joints, one on each side of the face just in front of the ears. Ligaments, tendons, and muscles support the joints and are responsible for jaw movement.
Common tooth disorders include cavities (caused by tooth decay), pulpitis, periapical abscess, impacted teeth, and malocclusion (see Malocclusion). Fractured, loosened, and knocked-out teeth are considered urgent dental problems (see Fractured, Loosened, or Knocked-Out Teeth), as are some toothaches (see Toothache). Tooth decay, which often leads to toothache and tooth loss, can be largely prevented with good oral hygiene, which helps remove plaque and prevent tartar buildup.