"Intra" means within. The cerebrum is your brain. Hemorrhage is bleeding. So intracerebral hemorrhage is bleeding inside your brain. An intracerebral hemorrhage is a medical emergency that often causes permanent brain damage or death. Intracerebral hemorrhage caused by anything other than injury is considered a type of stroke.
People who have any symptom of an intracerebral hemorrhage should go to an emergency department immediately.
An intracerebral hemorrhage is caused by a blood vessel bursting in your brain.
The most common cause of a bursting blood vessel is high blood pressure, which weakens your blood vessels.
Less common causes are:
Symptoms of an intracerebral hemorrhage start suddenly. You usually get a very bad headache, often while being active. Older people may not have a headache or only a mild one. Other common symptoms are:
An intracerebral hemorrhage is so serious that about half of people who have it die in the first few days. Most survivors have long-lasting brain damage.
Doctors will admit you to the hospital and treat the problems that caused your bleeding. They'll have you stay in bed and stop taking any medicines that could make your bleeding worse. You also may get:
Medicine to relieve your headache and any seizures you may have
Medicine and fluids to keep your blood pressure at the right level
If you were taking blood thinners, you may get medicine to help your blood clot and stop the bleeding
Sometimes, surgery to remove the extra blood and relieve pressure within the skull