A contraceptive is something used for preventing pregnancy (birth control).
Barrier contraceptives are a type of birth control that works by keeping sperm from getting to an egg.
Barrier contraceptives include the following:
Blocking Access: Barrier Contraceptives
The barrier birth control that works best is a latex male condom (when you use it correctly)
You can buy condoms, contraceptive sponges, and spermicide at a store over the counter (without a prescription)
Diaphragms and cervical caps come in different sizes and should be prescribed by your doctor
You should use spermicide (a chemical that kills sperm) with all barrier birth control
Condoms are thin protective coverings that go on the penis (male condoms) or in the vagina (female condoms). Both kinds block sperm from entering the vagina. Condoms may be made of latex, polyurethane, or lambskin. Latex condoms are the only type that also protect you from common STDs.
To use a female condom:
Push the inner ring of the female condom as far as it can go into the vagina keeping the outer ring outside
Carefully push the penis through the outer ring into the pouch
If the penis slips out of the pouch or the outer ring is pushed inside, remove the female condom and put it back in as long as the man hasn’t ejaculated
Right after ejaculation, pull the penis out
Squeeze the outer ring together and twist it so semen doesn’t spill out
Carefully pull the used female condom out of the vagina
Throw it away
Use a new condom each time you have sex, and never use a condom that is old or may have a hole in it. Spermicide makes condoms work better, so add it each time you put on a new condom.
The diaphragm is a dome-shaped rubber cup that's pushed into the vagina and over the cervix to keep sperm out. Your cervix is the lower part of your uterus. You get a diaphragm from your doctor, who will make sure you have the right size and will teach you how to use it. You and your partner shouldn’t be able to feel the diaphragm once it’s in place.
Diaphragms help keep you from getting pregnant, but they don't protect you from STDs.
To use a diaphragm:
You can wash and reuse your diaphragm. You should check the diaphragm regularly for tears. You may need a new size if you have:
The cervical cap is a hat-shaped silicone cup that's a bit like a diaphragm but smaller. The cap is pushed into the vagina and over the cervix to keep sperm out.
You can get a cervical cap from your doctor, who will make sure you have the right size.
To use a cervical cap:
You can wash and reuse your cervical cap for 1 year.
A contraceptive sponge is a sponge with spermicide in it that's put in the vagina to keep sperm out of the uterus. Contraceptive sponges help keep you from getting pregnant, but they don't protect you from STDs.
You can get a contraceptive sponge in a store without seeing a doctor. You and your partner shouldn’t be able to feel the sponge once it’s in place.
You can put in a contraceptive sponge up to 24 hours before you have sex.
To use a contraceptive sponge:
Possible problems with contraceptive sponges:
Spermicides are chemicals that kill sperm. Spermicides are available as foams, gels, creams, or suppositories (a soft, dissolving pill-shaped medicine that is placed in the vagina). You put a spermicide in your vagina before having sex. Because a suppository has to melt, you should put it in about 10 to 30 minutes before sex.
Don't use spermicides more than once a day. They can irritate the vagina, which increases the risk of HIV infection.