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Introduction ˌin-trə-ˈdək-shən

by S. Gene McNeeley, MD

Noncancerous (benign) gynecologic growths include cysts, polyps, and myomas. Noncancerous growths can develop on the vulva or in the vagina, uterus, or ovaries.

Cysts are closed sacs that are separate from the tissue around them. They often contain fluid or semisolid material. Cysts that commonly occur in the genital organs include the following:

Occasionally, cysts or tumors in an ovary can cause the ovary to twist—a disorder called adnexal torsion (see Adnexal Torsion).

Rarely, certain growths become cancerous (see Overview of Female Reproductive System Cancers).

Another abnormality is narrowing of the passageway through the lower part of the uterus (cervix) to the larger upper part (body)—a disorder called cervical stenosis (see Cervical Stenosis).