(See Benign Esophageal Tumors and see Esophageal Cancer.)
Most esophageal obstruction develops slowly and is incomplete when patients first seek care, typically for difficulty swallowing solids. However, sometimes complete esophageal obstruction develops suddenly because of an impacted foreign body or food bolus (see Esophageal foreign bodies).
Obstruction may have intrinsic or extrinsic causes.
Intrinsic obstruction may be caused by
Extrinsic obstruction may be caused by compression resulting from
For evaluation of potential esophageal obstruction, see Dysphagia.
Last full review/revision May 2014 by Michael C. DiMarino, MD
Content last modified May 2014