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By Bradley D. Figler, MD, Assistant Professor of Urology, University of North Carolina

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Patient Education

Cystoscopy is insertion of a rigid or flexible fiberoptic instrument into the bladder.

Indications include the following:

The main contraindication is active UTI.

Cystoscopy is usually done in an outpatient setting with use of local anesthesia (urethral application of 2% lidocaine gel) or, when necessary, conscious sedation or general anesthesia. Complications include UTI, bleeding, and bladder and/or urethral trauma.

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