Overview of Pelvic Relaxation Syndromes
Pelvic relaxation syndromes result from laxities (similar to hernias) in the ligaments, fascia, and muscles supporting the pelvic organs (pelvic floor—see Figure: Pelvic relaxation syndromes.). About 9% of women require surgical repair for a pelvic relaxation syndrome.
Common contributing factors include
Less common factors include congenital malformations, increased abdominal pressure (eg, due to ascites, abdominal tumors, or chronic respiratory disorders), sacral nerve disorders, and connective tissue disorders.