The lower and upper female genital tracts are separated by the cervix. Inflammation of the lower tract may involve the vagina (vaginitis), vulva (vulvitis), or both (vulvovaginitis). Pelvic inflammatory disease is infection of the upper tract: uterus, fallopian tubes, and, if infection is severe, ovaries (one or both). The cervix may also be inflamed.
Last full review/revision March 2013 by David E. Soper, MD
Content last modified September 2013