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Overview of Bartonella Infections
Bartonella sp are gram-negative bacteria previously classified as Rickettsiae. They are facultative intracellular organisms that typically live within RBCs and endothelial cells. They cause several uncommon diseases: cat-scratch disease (see Cat-Scratch Disease), an acute febrile anemia (Oroya fever—see Oroya Fever and Verruga Peruana), a chronic cutaneous eruption (bacillary angiomatosis—see Bacillary Angiomatosis), and disseminated disease (trench fever—see Trench Fever). Risk is higher in immunocompromised hosts (see Table: Some Bartonella Infections). Bartonella infection is usually acquired by humans via an insect vector.
Some Bartonella Infections
Drug NameSelect Trade
chloramphenicolNo US brand name
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