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Introduction to Spirochetes

By Larry M. Bush, MD, Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine, Florida Atlantic University;University of Miami-Miller School of Medicine/JFK Medical Center ; Maria T. Perez, MD, Wellington Regional Medical Center, West Palm Beach

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The family Spirochaetales is distinguished by the helical shape of the bacteria. They are too thin to be visualized using routine microscopy but can be viewed using darkfield microscopy. There are 3 genera: Treponema, Leptospira, and Borrelia. For the spirochetal disease syphilis, see Syphilis.

* This is the Professional Version. *