The family Spirochaetales is distinguished by the helical shape of the bacteria. They are too thin to be visualized using routine microscopy but can be viewed using darkfield microscopy. There are 3 genera: Treponema, Leptospira, and Borrelia. The spirochetal disease syphilis is discussed on discussed in Syphilis.
Last full review/revision March 2014 by Larry M. Bush, MD; Maria T. Perez, MD
Content last modified March 2014