Congenital anatomic anomalies of the GU tract are more common than those of any other organ system. Urinary tract anomalies predispose to many complications, including infection, obstruction, stasis, calculus formation, and impaired renal function. Genital anomalies may cause sexual dysfunction or impaired fertility. Treatment of GU anomalies is often surgical.
Some congenital renal anomalies (eg, autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease and medullary cystic disease [see Cystic Kidney Disease], hereditary nephritis [see Glomerular Disorders: Hereditary Nephritis]) typically do not manifest until adulthood.
Last full review/revision January 2010 by Ronald Rabinowitz, MD
Content last modified February 2012