The most common anomalies are
Rare anomalies include scrotal agenesis, hypoplasia, ectopia, or hemangioma; penoscrotal transposition; and bifid scrotum.
A congenital hydrocele is a collection of fluid in the scrotum between layers of the tunica vaginalis. It may be isolated or may communicate with the abdominal cavity through a patent processus vaginalis (a potential hernia space). Hydrocele manifests as a painless, enlarged scrotum. The condition may resolve spontaneously but usually requires repair if it persists after 12 mo or if it enlarges.
Last full review/revision May 2013 by Ronald Rabinowitz, MD; Jimena Cubillos, MD
Content last modified May 2013