Physical Problems in Adolescents
(See also Introduction to Problems in Adolescents.)
Although adolescents are susceptible to the same kinds of illness that afflict younger children, generally they are a healthy group. Adolescents should continue to receive vaccinations according to the recommended schedule (see Table: Recommended Immunization Schedule for Ages 7–18 yr).
Acne is extremely common and needs to be addressed because of its impact on self-esteem.
Trauma is very common among adolescents, with sports and motor vehicle injuries most frequent. Motor vehicle crashes and other unintentional injuries, homicide, and suicide are the 4 leading causes of mortality in the adolescent age group.
Disorders that are common among all adolescents include
Endocrine disorders (particularly thyroid disorders)
Disorders that are common among adolescent girls include
Pregnancy also is not a rare occurrence and must be kept in mind when treating adolescent girls.