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Contributors

We gratefully acknowledge the expertise of the contributors to our current online version. The subject(s) that they are responsible for are listed after their affiliations.

Denise M Aaron, MD

MD, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
Fungal Skin Infections; Noncancerous Skin Growths

Bola Adamolekun, MD

Director of Epilepsy, Department of Neurology, University of Tennessee Health Sciences Center
Seizure Disorders

Roy D. Altman, MD

Professor of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology and Immunology, University of California, Los Angeles
Paget Disease of Bone; Joint Disorders

Gerald L. Andriole, MD

Professor and Chief of Urologic Surgery, Barnes-Jewish Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine
Benign Prostate Disorders

Parswa Ansari, MD

Program Director, Department of Surgery, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York
Anal and Rectal Disorders; Gastrointestinal Emergencies

Brian R. Apatoff, MD, PhD

Associate Professor of Neurology and Neuroscience, Weill Cornell Medical College
Clinical Attending of Neurology, New York Presbyterian Hospital
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and Related Disorders

Noel A. Armenakas, MD

Injury to the Urinary Tract and Genitals

Guy P. Armstrong, MD

Consultant Cardiologist, North Shore Hospital, Auckland
Heart Valve Disorders

J. Malcolm O. Arnold, MD

Professor of Medicine, Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Western Ontario
Cardiologist, University Hospital, London Health Sciences Center
Heart Failure; Cardiomyopathy

Thomas Arnold, MD

Professor and Chairman, Department of Emergency Medicine, LSU Health Sciences Center Shreveport
Bites and Stings

Raul Artal, MD

Professor and Chair, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Women's Health, Saint Louis University School of Medicine
High-Risk Pregnancy

Evelyn Attia, MD

Professor of Clinical Psychiatry, New York Presbyterian Hospital, Weill Cornell Medical College
Professor of Psychiatry, New York State Psychiatric Institute, Columbia University Medical Center
Eating Disorders

George L. Bakris, MD

Professor of Medicine, Director, ASH Comprehensive Hypertension Center, University of Chicago Medicine
High Blood Pressure; Low Blood Pressure

David H. Barad, MD, MS

Associate Clinical Professor, Department of Obstetrics Gynecology and Women's Health,, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx
Director, Assisted Reproductive Technology, Center for Human Reproduction
Symptoms of Gynecologic Disorders; Diagnosis of Gynecologic Disorders

Robert A. Barish, MD, MBA

Chancellor and Professor of Emergency Medicine, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center at Shreveport
Bites and Stings

Jennifer M. Barker, MD

Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital Colorado, Division of Pediatric Endocrinology
Polyglandular Deficiency Syndromes

John G. Bartlett, MD

Professor of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Pneumonia

Rosemary Basson, MD

Clinical Professor, Department of Psychiatry, University of British Columbia and Vancouver Hospital
Sexual Dysfunction in Women

James R. Berenson, MD

Medical and Scientific Director, Institute for Myeloma and Bone Cancer Research, West Hollywood
Plasma Cell Disorders

Barbara J. Berkman, DSW, PhD

Research Professor, Boston College Graduate School of Social Work
Helen Rehr/Ruth Fitzdale Professor Emerita, Columbia University School of Social Work
Principal Investigator and National Director, Hartford Geriatric Social Work Faculty Scholars Program
Social Issues Affecting Older People; Elder Mistreatment

Richard W. Besdine, MD

Professor of Medicine, Greer Professor of Geriatric Medicine, and Director, Division of Geriatrics and Palliative Medicine (Medicine) and of the Center for Gerontology and Healthcare Research, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University
The Aging Body

Scott W. Biest, MD

Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and Director, Division of Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine
Fibroids

Joseph J. Biundo, MD

Clinical Professor of Medicine, Tulane Medical Center
Muscle, Bursa, and Tendon Disorders

Donald W. Black, MD

Vice Chair for Education, Department of Psychiatry, University of Iowa, Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine
Idiopathic Environmental Intolerance

Karen Blackstone, MD

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Program Director, Hospice and Palliative Medicine Fellowship, George Washington University
Director, Palliative Care, Washington DC Veterans Administration Medical Center
Death and Dying

Marcy B. Bolster, MD

Division of Rheumatology, Massachusetts General Hospital
Osteoporosis

Herbert L. Bonkovsky, MD

Professor of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and University of Connecticut Health Sciences Center
Porphyrias

Ann S. Botash, MD

Professor of Pediatrics, State University of New York, Upstate Medical University
Child Neglect and Abuse

Alfred A. Bove, MD, PhD

Chief of Cardiology, Cardiology Section, Temple University School of Medicine
Diving and Compressed Air Injuries

Thomas G. Boyce, MD, MPH

Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Consultant in Pediatric Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Gastroenteritis

George R. Brown, MD

Chief of Psychiatry, Mountain home VAMC, Johnson City, TN
Professor and Associate Chairman, Department of Psychiatry, East Tennessee State University
Sexuality

Haywood L. Brown, MD

Roy T. Parker Professor and Chair, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Duke University Medical Center
Normal Pregnancy; Normal Labor and Delivery

Robert G. Brzyski, MD, PhD

Associate Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
Biology of the Female Reproductive System

Jerrold T. Bushberg, PhD, DABMP

Clinical Professor of Radiology and Radiation Oncology, School of Medicine, University of California, Davis
Radiation Injury

Danielle Campagne, MD

Assistant Clinical Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of San Francisco - Fresno
Fractures, Dislocations, and Sprains

David B. Carr, MD

Associate Professor of Internal Medicine and Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine–Older Adult Health Center
The Older Driver

Mary T. Caserta, MD

Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Rochester School of Medicine
Attending Physician, Golisano Children's Hospital at Strong, University of Rochester Medical Center
Viral Infections in Infants and Children

Bartolome R. Celli, MD

Professor of Medicine, Tufts University
Chief, Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Study, St. Elizabeth's Medical Center
Rehabilitation for Lung and Airway Disorders

Bruce A. Chabner, MD

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School
Clinical Director, Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center
Overview of Cancer; Prevention and Treatment of Cancer

Walter W. Chan, MD, MPH

Director, Center for Gastrointestinal Motility, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Endoscopy, Brigham and Women's Hospital
Instructor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School
Diagnosis of Digestive Disorders

Ian M. Chapman, MBBS, PhD

Professor of Medicine (Endocrinology), Discipline of Medicine, University of Adelaide, Royal Adelaide Hospital
Pituitary Gland Disorders

Lois Choi-Kain, MD

Director, Gunderson Residence of McLean Hospital
Clinical Instructor in Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School
Personality Disorders

Alfred J. Cianflocco, MD, FAAFP

Director, Primary Care Sports Medicine, Cleveland Clinic Sports Health, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Cleveland Clinic
Low Back and Neck Pain

Jesse M. Civan, MD

Gastroenterologist, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital
Fibrosis and Cirrhosis of the Liver

Paula J. Clayton, MD

Retired, Medical Director, American Foundation for Suicide Prevention
Suicidal Behavior

Erin G. Clifton, MA

Doctoral Candidate, Department of Psychological Sciences, Case Western Reserve University
Violence Against Women

Elizabeth L. Cobbs, MD

Associate Professor of Medicine, Program Director, Geriatric Medicine Fellowship, George Washington University
Chief, Geriatrics and Extended Care, Washington DC Veterans Administration Medical Center
Death and Dying

William J. Cochran, MD

Vice Chairman, Department of Pediatrics, Geisinger Clinic, Danville, PA
Digestive Disorders in Children

Alan S. Cohen, MD

Distinguished Professor of Medicine (Emeritus), Conrad Wessolhoeft Professor of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine
Editor-in-Chief, Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders
Amyloidosis

Robert B. Cohen, DMD

Clinical Associate Professor of Dentistry and former Practice Coordinator, Tufts University School of Dental Medicine
Lip and Tongue Disorders

Sidney Cohen, MD

Professor of Medicine and Director, Research Programs, Thomas Jefferson University
Peptic Disorders

Kathryn Colby, MD, PhD

Symptoms of Eye Disorders; Diagnosis of Eye Disorders; Cataract; Injuries to the Eye

Harold R. Collard, MD

Associate Professor, Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco
Interstitial Lung Diseases

Deborah M. Consolini, MD

Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Jefferson Medical College
Staff Physician, Diagnostic Referral Division, Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children
Care of Newborns and Infants; Health Supervision of Well Children; Symptoms in Infants and Children

Başak Çoruh, MD

MD, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Washington
Bronchiectasis and Atelectasis

William Coryell, MD

George Winokur Professor of Psychiatry, University of Iowa
Mood Disorders

Emmett T. Cunningham, Jr., MD, PhD, MPH

Professor of Ophthalmology, Stanford University
Director, The Uveitis Service, California Pacific Medical Center and Clinic
Uveitis

Patricia A. Daly, MD

Visiting Assistant Professor of Medicine, University of Virginia
Clinical Endocrinologist, Front Royal Internal Medicine, VA
Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Syndromes

Daniel F. Danzl, MD

Professor and Chair, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Louisville School of Medicine
Cold Injuries

Norman L. Dean, MD

Fellow (Emeritus), American College of Chest Physicians
Lifetime Fellow, American College of Physicians
Drowning

Peter J. Delves, PhD

Professor of Immunology, Department of Immunology, Division of Infection and Immunity, University College London, London, UK
Biology of the Immune System; Allergic Reactions and Other Hypersensitivity Disorders

Ara DerMarderosian, PhD

Professor of Pharmacognosy and Medicinal Chemistry, Roth Chair of Natural Products, Scientific Director, Complementary and Alternative Medicine Institute, University of the Sciences in Philadelphia
Medicinal Herbs and Nutraceuticals

Deepinder K. Dhaliwal, MD

Director, Cornea & Refractive Surgery Services, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Pittsburgh Eye Center
Associate Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
Refractive Disorders

A. Damian Dhar, MD, JD

Bacterial Skin Infections

Michael C. DiMarino, MD

Clinical Assistant Professor of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Thomas Jefferson University
Esophageal and Swallowing Disorders; Bezoars and Foreign Bodies of the Digestive Tract; Diverticular Disease

Joel E. Dimsdale, MD

Professor Emeritus, Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego
Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders

James G. H. Dinulos, MD

Adjunct Associate Professor of Surgery (Dermatology), Dartmouth Medical School
Parasitic Skin Infections; Viral Skin Infections

Caroline Carney Doebbeling, MD, MSc

Chief Executive Officer, Cetan Health Consultants LLC, Indianapolis, IN
Chief Medical Officer, MDwise, Inc., Indianapolis, IN
Overview of Mental Health Care

Karl Doghramji, MD

Professor of Psychiatry, Neurology, and Medicine, and Medical Director, Jefferson Sleep Disorders Center, Thomas Jefferson University
Sleep Disorders

James D. Douketis, MD

Professor, Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, McMaster University
Associate Director, Clinical Teaching Unit, and Staff Physician, Clinical Thromboembolism and General Internal Medicine Services, St. Joseph's Hospital
Venous Disorders; Lymphatic Disorders

Daniel A. Doyle, MD

Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Thomas Jefferson University
Division of Endocrinology, A.I. duPont Children's Hospital
Growth and Development

Antonette T. Dulay, MD

Assistant Professor, Maternal-Fetal Medicine Division, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Ohio State University College of Medicine
Complications of Pregnancy

Jeffrey S. Dungan, MD

Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine
Detection of Genetic Disorders

Derrick A. Dupre, MD

Department of Neurological Surgery, Allegheny General Hospital
Head Injuries; Spinal Injuries

Esther Eisenberg, MD

Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Medical Officer, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
Endometriosis

Josephine Elia, MD

A.I. DuPont Hospital for Children , Pediatrics, Division of Behavioral Health
Mental Health Disorders in Children and Adolescents

Alberto Espay, MD

Associate Professor and Clinical Research Director of the James J. and Joan A. Gardner Center for Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorders, University of Cincinnati
Movement Disorders

B. Mark Evers

Professor and Vice-Chairman of Research, Department of Surgery and Director, Markey Cancer CenterUniversity of Kentucky
Carcinoid Tumors

Christopher Fecarotta, MD

Eye Disorders in Children

Norah C. Feeny, PhD

Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University
Violence Against Women

James Fernandez, MD, PhD

Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Dept of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care, RJ Fasenmyer Center for Clinical Immunology
Immunodeficiency Disorders

Bradley D. Figler, MD

Assistant Professor, Department of Urology, Thomas Jefferson University
Diagnosis of Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders

Teodoro Ernesto Figueroa, MD

Chief, Division of Pediatric Urology, Alfred I. duPont Nemours Hospital for Children
Clinical Associate Professor of Urology, Thomas Jefferson University
Incontinence in Children

David N. Finegold, MD

Genetics

Steven D. Freedman, MD, PhD

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School
Director, The Pancreas Center, and Chief, Division of Translational Research, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Pancreatitis

Marvin P. Fried, MD

Professor and University Chairman, Department of Otorhinolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery, Montefiore Medical Center and Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Symptoms of Nose and Throat Disorders; Nose and Sinus Disorders

Lara A. Friel, MD, PhD

Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of Texas Health--Medical School at Houston
Pregnancy Complicated by Disease

Pierluigi Gambetti, MD

Professor and Director, National Prion Disease Pathology Surveillance Center, Institute of Pathology, Division of Neuropathology, Case Western Reserve University
Prion Diseases

Sunir J. Garg, MD, FACS

Assistant Surgeon, The Retina Service of Wills Eye Institute
Associate Professor of Ophthalmology, Thomas Jefferson University
Retinal Disorders

James Garrity, MD

Whitney and Betty MacMillan Professor of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic
Biology of the Eyes; Eyelid and Tearing Disorders; Optic Nerve Disorders; Eye Socket Disorders

Margery Gass, MD

Executive Director, The North America Menopause Society
Clinical Professor, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine
Menopause

Brian K. Gehlbach, MD

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Section of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Chicago
Respiratory Failure and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

David M. Gershenson, MD

Professor and Chairman, Department of Gynecologic Oncology and Reproductive Medicine, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Cancers of the Female Reproductive System

Kenneth A. Getz, MBA

Senior Research Fellow, Tufts Center for the Study of Drug Development
Founder and Chairman, The Center for Information and Study on Clinical Research Participation
The Science of Medicine and Clinical Trials

Elias A. Giraldo, MD, MS

Associate Professor and Director, Hahnemann University Hospital Stroke Program, Department of Neurology, Drexel University College of Medicine
Stroke (CVA)

Mark T. Gladwin, MD

Professor and Division Chief, Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine, University of Pittsburgh
Pulmonary Hypertension

Stephen Gluckman, MD

Professor of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine at The University of Pennsylvania
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Anne Carol Goldberg, MD

Associate Professor of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine
Cholesterol Disorders

Stephen E. Goldfinger, MD

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School
Physician, Massachusetts General Hospital
Hereditary Periodic Fever Syndromes

Steven A. Goldman, MD, PhD

Dean Zutes Chair and Professor of Neurology and Neurosurgery, University of Rochester Medical Center
Adjunct Professor of Neurology and Neuroscience, Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Biology of the Nervous System

Hector A. Gonzalez-Usigli, MD

Assistant Professor in Neurology, Department of Internal Medicine, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Guadalajara
Movement Disorders

M. Jay Goodkind, MD

Associate Professor (Emeritus) of Clinical Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Chief of Cardiology (Retired), Mercer Medical Center
Heart Tumors

Carmen E. Gota, MD

Staff Physician, Department of Rheumatology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation
Vasculitic Disorders

Norton J. Greenberger, MD

Clinical Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School
Senior Physician, Brigham and Women's Hospital
Symptoms of Digestive Disorders

John E. Greenlee, MD

Neurology Service, George E. Wahlen VAHCS, Salt Lake City
Professor, Department of Neurology, University of Utah School of Medicine
Brain Infections; Meningitis

John H. Greist, MD

Clinical Adjunct Professor of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin, School of Medicine and Public Health
Anxiety Disorders

Ashley B. Grossman, MD, FRCP, FMedSci

Professor of Endocrinology, Churchill Hospital, University of Oxford
Adrenal Gland Disorders

Ravindu Gunatilake, MD

Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center
Drug Use During Pregnancy

John G. Gunderson, MD

Professor of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School
Director, Psychosocial and Personality Research, Borderline Personality Disorder Center, McLean Hospital
Personality Disorders

Rula A. Hajj-ali, MD

Staff Physician, Center of Vasculitis Care and Research, Department of Rheumatic and Immunologic Disease, Cleveland Clinic Foundation
Autoimmune Disorders of Connective Tissue

Jesse B. Hall, MD

Professor of Medicine, Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care and Section Chief, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Chicago
Respiratory Failure and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

John W. Hallett, Jr., MD

Clinical Professor of Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina
Medical Director and Vascular Surgeon, Roper St. Francis Heart and Vascular Center
Peripheral Arterial Disease; Aneurysms and Aortic Dissection

Kevin C. Hazen, PhD

Professor of Pathology and Director of Clinical Microbiology, Duke University Health System
Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases

R. Phillips Heine, MD

Associate Professor and Director, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Duke University Medical Center
Symptoms During Pregnancy

Steven K. Herrine, MD

Professor of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology , Thomas Jefferson University
Assistant Dean for Academic Affairs, Jefferson Medical College
Manifestations of Liver Disease; Drugs and the Liver; Tumors of the Liver

Jerome M. Hershman, MD

Thyroid Gland Disorders

Martin Hertl, MD, PhD

Assistant Professor of Surgery, Harvard Medical School
Surgical Director, Liver Transplantation Program, Massachusetts General Hospital
Transplantation

Lyall A. J. Higginson, MD

Professor of Medicine, University of Ottawa Heart Institute
Symptoms of Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders

Irvin H. Hirsch, MD

Clinical Professor, Department of Urology, Thomas Jefferson University
Biology of the Male Reproductive System; Sexual Dysfunction in Men

Brian D. Hoit, MD

Professor of Medicine and Physiology and Biophysics, Case Western Reserve University
Director of Echocardiography, Harrington-McLaughlin Heart and Vascular Center, University Hospitals, Case Medical Center
Pericardial Disease

Juebin Huang, MD, PhD

Associate Professor, Department of Neurology, The University of Mississippi Medical Center
Brain Dysfunction; Delirium and Dementia

Wendy W. Huang, MD, PhD

Eye Disorders in Children

Daniel A. Hussar, PhD

Overview of Drugs; Factors Affecting Response to Drugs; Over-the-Counter Drugs

Michael C. Iannuzzi, MD

Edward C. Reifenstein Professor and Chair, Department of Medicine, SUNY Upstate Medical University
Sarcoidosis

Talha H. Imam, MD

MD - Department of Nephrology, Kaiser Permanente
Urinary Tract Infections (UTI)

Harry S. Jacob, MD

Professor of Medicine, University of Minnesota Medical School
Editor-in-Chief, Hematology/Oncology Today
Spleen Disorders

Jon A. Jacobson, MD

Associate Professor of Radiology, University of Michigan
Common Imaging Tests

Navin Jaipaul, MD, MHS

Associate Professor of Medicine, Loma Linda University School of Medicine
Attending Nephrologist, VA Loma Linda Healthcare System
Biology of the Kidneys and Urinary Tract; Kidney Filtering Disorders; Cystic Kidney Disorders

Larry E. Johnson, MD, PhD

Associate Professor of Geriatrics and Family and Preventive Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
Attending Physician, Central Arkansas Veterans Healthcare System
Vitamins; Minerals

Robert G. Johnson, MD

C. Rollins Hanlon Professor and Chair, Department of Surgery, Saint Louis University School of Medicine
Surgery

Brian D. Johnston

Director of EducationInternational Association of Resistance Training
Director of EducationPrescribed Exercise Clinics
Exercise and Fitness

Thomas V. Jones, MD, MPH

Director, Inflammatory Diseases, Specialty Care Unit, Pfizer
Medical Decision Making

Douglas E. Jorenby, PhD

Professor of Medicine, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health
Director of Clinical Services, UW -Center for Tobacco Research and Intervention
Tobacco Use

Nicholas Jospe, MD

Professor of Pediatrics, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry
Diabetes Mellitus in Children(DM)

Michael J. Joyce, MD

Associate Clinical Professor, Orthopaedic Surgery, Case Western Reserve University
Orthopaedic Surgeon, Cleveland Clinic
Bone and Joint Tumors

Amy H. Kaji, MD, PhD

Associate Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center
First Aid

Daniel B. Kaplan, PhD, MSW

Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Institute of Geriatric Psychiatry, Weill Cornell Medical College
Social Issues Affecting Older People; Elder Mistreatment

Bradley W. Kesser, MD

Associate Professor, Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of Virginia School of Medicine
Outer Ear Disorders

Preeti Kishore, MD

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Diabetes Mellitus (DM)

James P. Knochel, MD

Clinical Professor of Internal Medicine, University of Texas, Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas
Past Chairman, Department of Internal Medicine, Presbyterian Hospital of Dallas
Heat Disorders

Jennifer Knudtson, MD

Clinical Instructor, Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility Fellow Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
Biology of the Female Reproductive System

Arthur E. Kopelman, MD

Professor of Pediatrics and Neonatology (Emeritus), The Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University
Problems in Newborns

David N. Korones, MD

Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Oncology, and Neurology, University of Rochester Medical Center
Childhood Cancers

Mary Ann Kosir, MD

Associate Professor of Surgery and Oncology, Wayne State University School of Medicine; Walt Breast Center, Karmanos Cancer Institute
Breast Disorders

Daniela Kroshinsky, MD, MPH

Dermatology Associates, Massachusetts General Hospital
Pressure Sores

David J. Kuter, MD, DPhil

Professor, Harvard Medical School
Director, Center for Hematology, Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center
Symptoms and Diagnosis of Blood Disorders; Bleeding Due to Abnormal Blood Vessels; Platelet Disorders

Jules Y. T. Lam, MD, FRCP(C)

Associate Professor of Medicine, University of Montreal
Cardiologist, Montreal Heart Institute
Atherosclerosis

Lewis Landsberg, MD

Irving S. Cutter Professor of Medicine and Dean (Emeritus), Northwestern University
Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Syndromes

Christopher J. LaRosa, MD

Congenital Kidney Tubular Disorders

Jennifer Le, PharmD, MAS, BCPS-ID

Associate Professor of Clinical Pharmacy, University of California San Diego, Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Administration and Kinetics of Drugs

Noah Lechtzin, MD, MHS

Associate Professor, Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Biology of the Lungs and Airways; Symptoms of Lung Disorders; Diagnosis of Lung Disorders

Joseph R. Lentino, MD, PhD

Professor of Medicine, Loyola University Stritch School of Medicine
Chief, Infectious Diseases, Hines VA Hospital
Clostridium difficile-Induced Colitis

Michael C. Levin, MD

Professor of Neurology, University of Tennessee Health Science Center
Symptoms and Diagnosis of Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders

Wendy S. Levinbook, MD

Private Practice, Hartford Dermatology Associates
Hair Disorders

Matthew E. Levison, MD

Adjunct Professor of Medicine, Drexel University College of Medicine
Professor School of Public Health, Drexel University
Bacterial Infections; Antibiotics

Sharon Levy, MD, MPH

Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School
Center for Adolescent Substance Abuse Research, Children's Hospital, Boston
Problems in Adolescents

James L. Lewis, III, MD

Nephrology Associates, P.C. of BirminghamWater Balance; Electrolyte Balance; Acid-Base Balance

Alan E. Lichtin, MD

Staff Hematologist-Oncologist, Cleveland Clinic
Associate Professor, Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine
Biology of Blood; Anemia

Paul L. Liebert, MD

Private Practice, Tomah Memorial Hospital, Tomah, WI
Sports Injuries

Richard W. Light, MD

Professor of Medicine, Division of Allergy, Pulmonary, and Critical Care Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Pleural and Mediastinal Disorders

Gregory S. Liptak, MD, MPH

Professor of Pediatrics and Director, Center for Development, Behavior, and Genetics, Upstate Medical University
Birth Defects

Elliot M. Livstone, MD

Attending Physician, Sarasota Memorial Hospital, Sarasota, FL
Tumors of the Digestive System

Phillip Low, MD

Robert D. and Patricia E. Kern Professor of Neurology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Autonomic Nervous System Disorders

Lawrence R. Lustig, MD

Francis A. Sooy, MD, Professor in Otolaryngology, Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, University of California San Francisco
Division Chief of Otology & Neurotology, University of California San Francisco
Inner Ear Disorders

Joanne Lynn, MD, MA, MS

Death and Dying

Robert J. MacNeal, MD

Dermatology Associates, Maine Medical Center
Biology of the Skin; Sunlight and Skin Damage

Vinaya Maddukuri, MD

Fellow in Advanced Hepatology and Clinical and Translational Research, Department of Internal Medicine, Carolinas Medical Center
Porphyrias

James Madsen, MD, MPH

Chemical Casualty Care Division, U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense
Mass Casualty Weapons

Kenneth Maiese, MD

Professor and Chair, Cellular and Molecular Signaling, Cancer Institute of New Jersey, New Jersey Health Sciences University
Coma and Impaired Consciousness

Darren Malinoski, MD

Associate Professor, Department of Surgery, Oregon Health & Science University
Chief, Section of Surgical Critical Care, Portland VA Medical Center
Abdominal Injuries

Scott Manaker, MD, PhD

Associate Professor of Medicine; Vice Chair for Regulatory Affairs, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Health System
Shock

Viraj A. Master, MD, PhD

Associate Professor, Department of Urology, Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University
Cancers of the Kidney and Genitourinary Tract

John T. McBride, MD

Professor of Pediatrics, Northeastern Ohio Universities Colleges of Medicine and Pharmacology, Rootstown
Vice-Chair, Department of Pediatrics, Akron Children's Hospital
Respiratory Disorders in Children

Margaret C. McBride, MD

Professor of Pediatrics (Neurology), Northeastern Ohio Universities Colleges of Medicine and Pharmacology, Rootstown
Director, Neurodevelopmental Center, Akron Children's Hospital
Neurologic Disorders in Children

J. Allen McCutchan, MD, MSc

Professor of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, University of California at San Diego
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection; Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Robert S. McKelvie, MD, PhD, MSc

Professor of Medicine, McMaster University
Medical Director, Cardiac Health and Rehabilitation Center
Sports and the Heart

Karen McKoy, MD, MPH

Senior Staff, Department of Dermatology, Lahey Clinic Medical Center
Treatment of Skin Disorders; Itching and Dermatitis; Acne and Related Disorders

James I. McMillan, MD

Kidney Failure; Disorders of Kidney Tubules; Dialysis

S. Gene McNeeley, MD

Chief of Gynecology, Hutzel Women's Hospital
Clinical Professor, Michigan State University, College of Osteopathic Medicine, Hutzel Women's Health Specialists
Pelvic Floor Disorders; Noncancerous Gynecologic Abnormalities

Noshir R. Mehta, DMD, MDS, MS

Professor and Director, Craniofacial Pain Center; Associate Dean, Global Relations, Tufts University School of Dental Medicine
Temporomandibular Disorders

Matthew C. Miles, MD

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Pulmonary Disease, and Critical Care, Wake Forest School of Medicine
Asthma

Daniel R. Mishell, Jr., MD

The Lyle G. McNeile Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California
Chief Physician, Women's and Children's Hospital, Los Angeles County and University of Southern California Medical Center
Family Planning

L. Brent Mitchell, MD

Professor of Medicine, Department of Cardiac Services, Libin Cardiovascular Institute of Alberta
Abnormal Heart Rhythms

Richard T. Miyamoto, MD, MS

Arilla Spence DeVault Professor and Chairman, Department of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine
Middle Ear Disorders

Joel L. Moake, MD

Senior Research Scientist, Rice University
Professor of Medicine (Emeritus), Baylor College of Medicine
Blood Clotting Process; Excessive Clotting; Bleeding Due to Clotting Disorders

Julie S. Moldenhauer, MD

Medical Director, The Special Delivery Unit, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Complications of Labor and Delivery; Postdelivery Period

Stephanie M. Moleski, MD

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

John E. Morley, MB, BCh

Undernutrition; Biology of the Endocrine System

Angela Cafiero Moroney, PharmD

Senior Clinical Science Manager, Renal CSM Organization, Global Medical Affairs, GPRD, AbbVie, Inc
Drug Dynamics

Alex Moroz, MD, FACP

Associate Professor and Director of Residency Training and Medical Education, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, New York University School of Medicine
Director of Integrative Sports Medicine, Rusk Rehabilitation
Rehabilitation

Sam P. Most, MD

Chief, Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Stanford University
Facial Injuries

David F. Murchison, DDS, MMS

Clinical Professor, Texas A & M Health Science Center, Baylor College of Dentistry
Senior Lecturer, University of Texas at Dallas
Symptoms of Oral and Dental Disorders; Urgent Dental Problems

David G. Mutch, MD

Ira C. and Judith Gall Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and Division Chief of Gynecologic Oncology, Washington University School of Medicine
Fibroids

Edward A. Nardell, MD

Associate Professor, Harvard Medical School, Departments of Medicine, Social, and Global Health
Associate Physician, Brigham & Women's Hospital, Div. of Global Health Equity
Tuberculosis and Leprosy

Linda P. Nelson, DMD, MScD

Assistant Professor of Pediatric Dentistry, Harvard School of Dental Medicine
Associate Pediatric Dentist, Children's Hospital
Biology of the Mouth and Teeth

John H. Newman, MD

Elsa S. Hanigan Professor of Pulmonary Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine
Pulmonary Embolism (PE)

Lee S. Newman, MD, MA

Professor, Colorado School of Public Health and School of Medicine, University of Colorado at Denver
Director, Center for Worker Health and Environment and NIOSH Mountain and Plains ERC , New
Environmental Lung Diseases

John K. Niparko, MD

Associate Professor, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Hearing Loss and Deafness

Alexander S. Niven, MD

Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine, Pulmonary / Critical Care Division, University of Washington
Bronchiectasis and Atelectasis

Patrick G. O'Connor, MD, MPH

Professor of Medicine; Chief, Section of General Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine
Drug Use and Abuse

Adedamola A. Ogunniyi, MD

MD, Department of Emergency Medicine, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center
Motion Sickness

Gerald F. O'Malley, DO

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine, Thomas Jefferson University and Hospital
Poisoning

Rika O'Malley, MD

Poisoning

Nicholas T. Orfanidis, MD

Clinical Assistant Professor, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital
Diagnosis of Liver, Gallbladder, and Biliary Disorders; Alcoholic Liver Disease; Blood Vessel Disorders of the Liver

James T. Pacala, MD, MS

Associate Professor and Distinguished University Teaching Professor, Family Practice and Community Health, University of Minnesota Medical School
Prevention

Robert M. Palmer, MD, MPH

Visiting Professor of Medicine and Clinical Director, Division of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh
Hospital Care

Elizabeth J. Palumbo, MD

Private Practice, The Pediatric Group, Fairfax, VA
Miscellaneous Disorders in Infants and Young Children

David M. Pariser, MD

Professor, Department of Dermatology, Eastern Virginia Medical School
Sweating Disorders

Roy A. Patchell, MD

Chairman, NeurologyBarrow Neurological Institute
Chairman, NeurologyUniversity of Arizona - Phoenix
Tumors of the Nervous System

Avinash S. Patil, MD

Fellow, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, and Fellow, Duke Clinical Research, Duke University Medical Center
Drug Use During Pregnancy

Richard D. Pearson, MD

Professor of Medicine and Pathology, Associate Dean for Student Affairs, University of Virginia School of Medicine
Parasitic Infections

Lawrence L. Pelletier, Jr., MD

Professor, Internal Medicine, University of Kansas School of Medicine
Staff Physician, Robert J. Dole VA Medical and Regional Office Center, Wichita
Professor, Internal Medicine, University of Kansas School of Medicine
Infective Endocarditis

Daniel M. Peraza, MD

Adjunct Assistant Professor of Surgery, The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth
Blistering Diseases

Frank Pessler, MD, PhD

Pediatric Rheumatologist, Klinik und Polyklinik für Kinder und Jagendmedizin, Medizinische Fakultät Carl-Gustav-Carus, Technische Universität Dresden, Germany
Bone Disorders in Children; Hereditary Connective Tissue Disorders; Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA)

Stephen P. Peters, MD, PhD

Professor of Medicine, Pediatrics, and Translational Science, Wake Forest School of Medicine
Associate Director, Center for Genomics and Personalized Medicine Research, Wake Forest Health Sciences
Asthma

William A. Petri, Jr., MD, PhD

Wade Hampton Frost Professor of Epidemiology and Chief, Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, University of Virginia School of Medicine
Rickettsial and Related Infections

Katharine A. Phillips, MD

Professor of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Butler Hosital and The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University
Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders

JoAnn V. Pinkerton, MD

Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Director, Division of Midlife Health, University of Virginia Health System
Menstrual Disorders and Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding

Brian Pomerantz, MD

Resident, Department of Medicine, Madigan Army Medical Center
Bronchiectasis and Atelectasis

Russell K. Portenoy, MD

Professor of Neurology and Anesthesiology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Chairman, Department of Pain Medicine and Palliative Care, Beth Israel Medical Center
Pain

Carol S. Portlock, MD

Professor of Clinical Medicine, Weill Cornell University Medical College
Attending Physician, Lymphoma Service, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Lymphomas

Nina N. Powell-Hamilton, MD

Medical Geneticist , Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children
Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics , Thomas Jefferson University Medical College
Chromosomal and Genetic Abnormalities

Josef T. Prchal, MD

Professor of Medicine, Division of Hematology, University of Utah; George E. Wahlen VA Medical Center
Myeloproliferative Disorders

Glenn M. Preminger, MD

Director, Duke Comprehensive Kidney Stone Center, Duke University Medical Center
Professor and Chief, Duke University Medical Center
Obstruction of the Urinary Tract; Stones in the Urinary Tract

Craig R. Pringle, BSc, PhD

Emeritus Professor, School of Life Sciences, University of Warwick
Viral Infections

Pedro T. Ramirez, MD

Professor, Gynecologic Oncology and Reproductive Medicine, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Cancers of the Female Reproductive System

Robert W. Rebar, MD

Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Western Michigan University Homer Stryker M.D. School of Medicine, Kalamazoo, Michigan
Adjunct Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology &and Reproductive Biology, Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, Grand Rapids, Michigan
Infertility

Wingfield E. Rehmus, MD, MPH

Clinical Assistant Professor, University of British Columbia
Nail Disorders

Barbara Resnick, PhD, CRNP

University of Maryland, School of Nursing
Provision of Care to Older People

Douglas J. Rhee, MD

Chair, Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospitals/Case Western Reserve University
Glaucoma

Candido E. Rivera, MD

Assistant Professor, Division of Hematology and Oncology, Mayo Clinic
Iron Overload

Melvin I. Roat, MD, FACS

Clinical Associate Professor, Wills Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University
Conjunctival and Scleral Disorders; Corneal Disorders

Beryl J. Rosenstein, MD

Professor of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and Johns Hopkins Hospital, Cystic Fibrosis Center
Cystic Fibrosis (CF)

Steven Rosenzweig, MD

Clinical Associate Professor, Drexel University College of Medicine
Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM)

Laurence Z. Rubenstein, MD, MPH

Donald W. Reynolds Professor & Chairman, DW Reynolds Department of Geriatric Medicine, University of Oklahoma College of Medicine
Falls

Fred H. Rubin, MD

Chair, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center-Shadyside
Professor of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
Immunization

Michael Rubin, MDCM

Professor of Clinical Neurology, Weill Cornell Medical College
Director, Neuromuscular Service and EMG Laboratory, New York Presbyterian Hospital-Cornell Medical Center
Spinal Cord Disorders; Peripheral Nerve Disorders; Cranial Nerve Disorders; Craniocervical Junction Disorders; Muscular Dystrophies and Related Disorders

Atenodoro R. Ruiz, Jr., MD

Attending Physician, Department of Medicine Gastroenterology, Kaiser-Permanente, Santa Clara
Biology of the Digestive System; Malabsorption

Daniel P. Runde, MD

Clinical Instructor of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine UCLA
Medical Education Fellow, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center
Electrical and Lightning Injuries

J. Mark Ruscin, PharmD

Professor, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Southern Illinois University Edwardsville School of Pharmacy
Aging and Drugs

Paul S. Russell, MD

John Homans Distinguished Professor of Surgery, Harvard Medical School
Senior Surgeon, Massachusetts General Hospital
Transplantation

Anna E. Rutherford, MD, MPH

Hepatitis

Lawrence M. Ryan, MD

Professor of Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin
Gout and Pseudogout

Michael E. Rytting, MD

Associate Professor, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Department of Leukemia
Associate Professor, University of Texas, MD Anderson Cancer, Division of Pediatrics, Patient Care, Section of Leukemia/Lymphoma
Leukemias

Charles Sabatino, JD

Adjunct Professor, Georgetown University Law Center
Director, Commission on Law and Aging, American Bar Association
Legal and Ethical Issues

David B. Sachar, MD

Clinical Professor of Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine
Director (Emeritus), Dr. Henry D. Janovitz Division of Gastroenterology, The Mount Sinai Hospital
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD)

Birendra P. Sah, MD

Assistant Professor, Upstate Medical University - Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
Sarcoidosis

Lee M. Sanders, MD, MPH

Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Stanford University
Hereditary Metabolic Disorders

Christopher Sanford, MD, MPH, DTM&H

Associate Professor, Department of Family Medicine, University of Washington
Associate Professor, Department of Global Health, University of Washington
Travel and Health

Ravindra Sarode, MD

Professor of Pathology and Director, Transfusion Medicine and Hemostasis Laboratory, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas
Blood Transfusion

Clarence T. Sasaki, MD

President, American Laryngological Association
Associate Editor, Dysphagia
The Charles W. Ohse Professor of Surgery, Chief, Section of Otolaryngology, and Director, Head and Neck Unit, Yale University School of Medicine
Mouth and Throat Disorders

Erik Schaffer, CP

President, A Step Ahead Prosthetics, Hicksville, NY
Limb Prosthetics

Peter C. Schalock, MD

Instructor in Dermatology, Harvard Medical School
Assistant in Dermatology, Massachusetts General Hospital
Hypersensitivity and Inflammatory Skin Disorders; Psoriasis and Scaling Disorders; Pigment Disorders

Bradley A. Schiff, MD

Assistant Professor, Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Mouth, Nose, and Throat Cancers

Steven Schmitt, MD

Head, Section of Bone and Joint Infections, Department of Infectious Disease, Cleveland Clinic
Bone and Joint Infections

S. Charles Schulz, MD

Professor and Head, Department of Psychiatry, University of Minnesota Medical School
Schizophrenia and Delusional Disorder

Marvin I. Schwarz, MD

The James C. Campbell Professor of Pulmonary Medicine, Division of Pulmonary Sciences and Critical Care Medicine, University of Colorado Denver
Autoimmune Disorders of the Lungs

Laura Sech

Family Planning Fellow, Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyUniversity of Southern California Keck School of Medicine
Family Planning

Sanjay Sethi, MD

Professor and Chief, Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine and Vice Chair for Research, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo SUNY
Acute Bronchitis; Abscess in the Lungs

Anuja P. Shah, MD

Assistant Professor, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
Faculty, Division of Nephrology, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center
Symptoms of Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders

Udayan K. Shah, MD

Pediatric Otolaryngologist , Nemours/Alfred I duPont Hospital for Children
Pediatric Otolaryngologist , Thomas Jefferson University
Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders in Children

Michael J. Shea, MD

Professor of Internal Medicine, Section Head, Cardiovascular Medicine Outpatient Services and Clinical Evaluation, University of Michigan Health Systems
Biology of the Heart and Blood Vessels; Diagnosis of Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders

Patrick J. Shenot, MD

Associate Professor of Urology, Thomas Jefferson University
Disorders of Urination; Penile and Testicular Disorders

David D. Sherry, MD

Professor of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania
Director, Clinical Rheumatology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Bone Disorders in Children; Hereditary Connective Tissue Disorders; Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA)

Ali A. Siddiqui, MD

Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital
Biology of the Liver and Gallbladder; Gallbladder and Bile Duct Disorders

Stephen D. Silberstein, MD

Director, Jefferson Headache Center, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital
Professor of Neurology, Thomas Jefferson University
Headaches

Harold M. Silverman, PharmD

Editor-in-Chief, The Pill Book
Brand-Name and Generic Drugs

Emily Silverstein

Research Project Manager, Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyUniversity of Southern California Keck School of Medicine
Family Planning

Daphne Simeon, MD

Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine
Dissociative Disorders

Michael J. Smith, MD, MSCE

Assistant Professor, Pediatric Infectious Diseases, University of Louisville School of Medicine
Vaccination of Children

David E. Soper, MD

Professor and Vice Chairman for Clinical Affairs, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of South Carolina
Vaginal Infections and Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Dan J. Stein, MD, PhD

Professor and Chair, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cape Town
Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders

David R. Steinberg, MD

Associate Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Director, Hand & Upper Extremity Fellowship, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine
Hand Disorders

Marvin E. Steinberg, MD

Professor (Emeritus) of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Osteonecrosis

Lauren Strazzula, MD

Dermatology Associate, Massachusetts General Hospital
Pressure Sores

Kingman P. Strohl, MD

Professor of Medicine, Oncology, Physiology and Biophysics, Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, University Hospitals Case Medical Center
Director, Center for Sleep Disorders Research, Case Western Reserve University
Sleep Apnea

Alan M. Sugar, MD

Professor of Medicine (Emeritus), Boston University School of Medicine
Medical Director, Infectious Disease Clinical Services and HIV/AIDS Program, Cape Cod Healthcare
Fungal Infections

Stephen Brian Sulkes, MD

Professor of Pediatrics, Division of Neurodevelopmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, Golisano Children's Hospital at Strong, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry
Behavioral Problems in Children; Learning and Developmental Disorders

Geeta K. Swamy, MD

Associate Professor, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Duke University Medical Center
Symptoms During Pregnancy

Moira Szilagyi, MD, PhD

Associate Professor of Pediatrics, University of Rochester
Medical Director, Starlight Pediatrics, Monroe County Health Department
Social Issues Affecting Children and Their Families

Joan B. Tarloff, PhD

Professor, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of the Sciences in Philadelphia
Adverse Drug Reactions

Mary Territo, MD

Professor of Medicine, Director of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, University of California, Los Angeles
White Blood Cell Disorders

David R. Thomas, MD

Nutritional Support

Elizabeth Chabner Thompson, MD, MPH

Private Practice, New York Group for Plastic Surgery
Overview of Cancer; Prevention and Treatment of Cancer

Oren Traub, MD, PhD

The Science of Medicine and Clinical Trials

Amal Trivedi, MD, MPH

Assistant Professor of Community Health, The Alpert Medical School of Brown University
Investigator, REAP On Outcomes and Quality in Chronic Disease and Rehabilitation, Providence VA Medical Center
Financial Issues in Health Care; Health Care Coverage for Older People

Anne S. Tsao, MD

Associate Professor, Director, Mesothelioma Program; Director, Thoracic Chemo-radiation Program, Department of Thoracic/Head & Neck Medical Oncology, Division of Cancer Medicine, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Tumors of the Lungs

Debara L. Tucci, MD, MS

Associate Professor of Surgery, Division of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, Duke University Medical Center
Biology of the Ears, Nose, and Throat; Symptoms of Ear Disorders

Allan R. Tunkel, MD, PhD

Chair, Department of Medicin, Monmouth Medical Center
Professor of Medicine, Drexel University College of Medicine
Biology of Infectious Disease

James T. Ubertalli, DMD

Assistant Clinical Professor, Tufts University School of Dental Medicine
Private Practice, Hingham, MA
Tooth Disorders; Periodontal Diseases

Alexandra Villa-Forte, MD, MPH

Staff Physician, Center for Vasculitis Care and Research, Department of Rheumatic and Immunologic Diseases, Cleveland Clinic
The Human Body; Biology of the Musculoskeletal System; Diagnosis of Musculoskeletal Disorders; Symptoms of Musculoskeletal Disorders

Aaron E. Walfish, MD

Clinical Assistant Attending, Division of Digestive Diseases, Beth Israel Medical Center
Clinical Instructor, Mount Sinai Medical Center
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD)

B. Timothy Walsh, MD

Ruane Professor of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University
Director, Division of Clinical Therapeutics, New York State Psychiatric Institute
Eating Disorders

James Wayne Warnica, MD

Coronary Artery Disease

Michael R. Wasserman, MD

Assistant Clinical Professor, Division of Geriatric Medicine, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine
Making the Most of Health Care; Nonspecific Symptoms

Geoffrey A. Weinberg, MD

Director, Pediatric HIV Program, Golisano Children's Hospital, University of Rochester Medical Center
Professor of Pediatrics, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry
Bacterial Infections in Infants and Children; Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection in Children

Thomas G. Weiser, MD, MPH

Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, Section of Trauma & Critical Care, Stanford University School of Medicine
Chest Injuries

Gregory L. Wells, MD

Resident in Dermatology, Dartmouth Medical School and Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
Skin Cancers

John B. West, MD, PhD, DSc

Professor of Medicine and Physiology, University of California, San Diego
Altitude Diseases

Kendrick Alan Whitney, DPM

Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine and Orthopedics, Temple University School of Podiatric Medicine
Foot Problems

James E. Wilberger, MD

Professor and Chairman, Department of Neurosurgery, Allegheny General Hospital, Pittsburgh
Vice Dean, Drexel University College of Medicine
Head Injuries; Spinal Injuries

Robert A. Wise, MD

Professor of Medicine, Pulmonary and Critical Care, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

Steven E. Wolf, MD

Golden Charity Guild Charles R. Baxter MD Chair, Professor and Vice-Chairman for Research, University of Texas - Southwestern Medical Center
Burns

Adrienne Youdim, MD

Assistant Clinical Professor of Medicine, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Director, Medical Weight Loss, Cedars-Sinai Center for Weight Loss
Overview of Nutrition; Obesity and the Metabolic Syndrome

Lowell S. Young, MD

Clinical Professor of Medicine, University of California at San Francisco
Director, Kuzell Institute, California Pacific Medical Center
Bacteremia, Sepsis, and Septic Shock

Zhiwei Zhang, MD

Associate Professor of Medicine., Loma Linda University
Attending Nephrologist, VA Loma Linda Healthcare System
Blood Vessel Disorders of the Kidneys

Contributors to Previous Version of Select Subjects

We recognize the important contributions of the following contributors who were involved with the previous version of a subject that has since undergone an update/revision. The subject(s) that they were responsible for are listed after their affiliations.

David B. Acker, MD

Associate Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, Harvard University
Chief of Obstetrics, Brigham and Women's Hospital
Normal Labor and Delivery; Complications of Labor and Delivery; Postdelivery Period

James K. Alexander, MD

Professor of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine
Pulmonary Embolism

Timothy Aliff, MD

Clinical Assistant, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Symptoms and Diagnosis of Cancer

Karl E. Anderson, MD

Professor of Preventive Medicine and Community Health, Internal Medicine and Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston
Porphyrias

John A. Astin, PhD

Scientist, California Pacific Medical Center
Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Ercem S. Atillasoy, MD

Adjunct Clinical Faculty, Departments of Dermatology, Thomas Jefferson University and Yale University School of Medicine
Senior Director, Merck & Co., Inc.
Noncancerous Skin Growths; Skin Cancers

Hervy E. Averette, MD

Professor of Clinical Oncology, University of Miami; American Cancer Society Professor and Sylvester Professor of Gynecologic Oncology
Cancers of the Female Reproductive System

Gabriele M. Barthlen, MD

Technische Universitaet, Muenchen, Germany
Sleep Disorders

Nir Barzilai, MD

Director of Institute for Aging Research, Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Hypoglycemia; Diabetes Mellitus

Brian M. Berman, MD

Professor of Family Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine
Director, University of Maryland Complementary Medicine Program
Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Lewis E. Braverman, MD

Professor of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine
Chief, Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Nutrition, Boston Medical Center
Thyroid Gland Disorders

Itzhak Brook, MD, MSc

Professor of Pediatrics, Georgetown University School of Medicine
Outer Ear Disorders

Rebecca H. Buckley, MD

J. Buren Sidbury Professor of Pediatrics and Professor of Immunology, Duke University School of Medicine
Immunodeficiency Disorders

J. Raymond Buncic, MD

Professor of Ophthalmology, University of Toronto
Ophthalmologist-in-Chief, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Eye Disorders in Children

John F. Burke, MD

Helen Andrus Benedict Professor of Surgery (Emeritus), Harvard University
Chief of Trauma Services (Emeritus), Massachusetts General Hospital
Burns

John J. Caronna, MD

Professor of Clinical Neurology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Attending Neurologist, New York-Presbyterian Hospital
Stroke; Head Injuries; Stupor and Coma

William D. Chey, MD

Associate Professor of Internal Medicine and Director of Gastrointestinal Physiology Laboratory, University of Michigan Health System
Hiatus Hernia, Bezoars, and Foreign Bodies; Peptic Disorders

David Christiani, MD

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School
Professor of Occupational Medicine and Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health
Physician, Massachusetts General Hospital
Occupational Lung Diseases

Philip L. Cohen, MD

Professor of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania
Chief of Rheumatology Section, Philadelphia VA Medical Center
Autoimmune Disorders

Sidney Cohen, MD

Professor of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital
Hiatus Hernia, Bezoars, and Foreign Bodies; Biology of the Liver and Gallbladder; Manifestations of Liver Disease; Hepatitis

Ralph E. Cutler, MD

Professor of Medicine (Emeritus), Loma Linda University School of Medicine
Consultant in Nephrology, Loma Linda VA Medical Center
Male Reproductive System; Kidney Failure

Anne L. Davis, MD

Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine, New York University School of Medicine
Attending Physician, Bellevue Hospital Center
Atelectasis; Bronchiectasis

Ronald Dee, MD

Associate Clinical Professor of Surgery, Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Attending Surgeon, The Stamford Hospital
Venous Disorders; Lymphatic Disorders

Eugene P. DiMagno, MD

Professor of Medicine, Mayo Medical School
Consultant of Gastroenterology and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN
Pancreatitis

George E. Downs, PharmD

Professor of Clinical Pharmacy and Dean, Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, University of the Sciences in Philadelphia
Drug Names: Generic and Trade

Douglas A. Drossman, MD

Professor of Medicine and Psychiatry and Codirector of Center for Functional and Gastrointestinal Motility Disorders, University of North Carolina School of Medicine
Biology of the Digestive System; Symptoms and Diagnosis of Digestive Disorders

Nancy Neveloff Dubler, LLB

Professor of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Director, Division of Bioethics, Montefiore Medical Center
Legal and Ethical Issues

John E. Edwards, Jr., MD

Professor of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles School of Medicine
Chief of Infectious Diseases, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center
Fungal Infections

Elizabeth A. Erwin, MD

Fellow, University of Virginia
Allergic Reactions

Walter H. Ettinger, MD

Executive Vice President, Virtua Health, Inc.
Biology of the Musculoskeletal System

E. Dale Everett, MD

Professor of Medicine, University of Missouri-Columbia
Bacterial Skin Infections

Harrison W. Farber, MD

Professor of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine
Pulmonary Hypertension

Wayne S. Fenton, MD

National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, MDSchizophrenia and Delusional Disorder

Andrew J. Fletcher, MB, BChir

Adjunct Professor of Pharmaceutical Health Care, Temple University School of Pharmacy
Genetics

Arnold S. Freedman, MD

Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School
Lymphomas

Eugene P. Frenkel, MD

Professor of Internal Medicine and Radiology, Patsy R. and Raymond D. Nasher Distinguished Chair in Cancer Research; Elaine Dewey Sammons Distinguished Chair in Cancer Research in honor of Eugene P. Frenkel, MD; and A. Kenneth Pye Professorship in Cancer Research, Harold C. Simmons Comprehensive Cancer Center, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas
Anemia; Overview of Cancer

Mitchell H. Friedlaender, MD

Adjunct Professor, The Scripps Research Institute
Head of Ophthalmology, Scripps Clinic, La Jolla
Eyelid and Tear Gland Disorders

Steven M. Fruchtman, MD

Director, Myeloproliferative Disease Program and Director (Emeritus) of Stem Cell Transplant, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York
Associate Professor of Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine
Myeloproliferative Disorders

Glen O. Gabbard, MD

Professor of Psychiatry, Baylor College of Medicine
Overview of Mental Health Care

Marc Galanter, MD

Professor of Psychiatry and Director of Alcoholism and Drug Abuse, New York University School of Medicine
Drug Use and Abuse

Bruce J. Gantz, MD

Professor and Head, Department of Otolaryngolog—Head and Neck Surgery, and Brian F. McCabe Distinguished Chair in Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics
Middle and Inner Ear Disorders

Tobin N. Gerhart, MD

Assistant Clinical Professor, Orthopaedic Surgery, Harvard Medical School
Fractures

Robert H. Gelber, MD

Clinical Professor of Medicine and Dermatology, University of California at San Francisco
Leprosy

John P. Glazer, MD

Professor of Psychiatry and Pediatrics and Director of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Rochester Medical Center
Mental Health Disorders in Children

Barry Steven Gold, MD

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Assistant Professor of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine
Bites and Stings

Michael F. Greene, MD

Associate Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, Harvard Medical School
Director of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital
Normal Pregnancy; High-Risk Pregnancy

H. Roger Hadley, MD

Professor of Urology, Loma Linda University School of Medicine
Chief of Urology, Loma Linda University Medical Center
Urinary Incontinence

Susan L. Hendrix, DO

Associate Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Principal Investigator and Director of Women's Health Initiative, Wayne State University School of Medicine
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease; Vaginal Infections; Menstrual Disorders and Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding; Fibroids; Pelvic Floor Disorders; Sexual Dysfunction

Alan T. Hirsch, MD

Associate Professor of Medicine and Radiology, Vascular Medicine Program, Minnesota Vascular Diseases Center, University of Minnesota Medical School
Peripheral Arterial Disease

Paul D. Hoeprich, MD

Professor of Medicine (Emeritus), School of Medicine, University of California, Davis
Bacterial Infections

Charles S. Houston, MD

Professor of Medicine (Emeritus), University of Vermont College of Medicine
Cold Injuries; Heat Disorders; Altitude Illness

Michael Jacewicz, MD

Professor of Neurology, University of Tennessee Health Science Center and Veterans Administration Medical Center, Memphis
Symptoms and Diagnosis of Musculoskeletal Disorders; Diagnosis of Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders; Dizziness and Vertigo; Infections of the Brain and Spinal Cord; Smell and Taste Disorders

Steven Jonas, MD, MPH, MS

Professor of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, State University of New York at Stony Brook
Exercise and Fitness

Nicholas Jospe, MD

Professor of Pediatrics, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry
Hereditary Disorders of Metabolism

Paul R. Katz, MD

Professor of Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine
Medical Director, Monroe Community Hospital
Director, Finger Lakes Geriatric Education Center of Upstate New York
Associate Chief of Staff/Research, Canandaigua VA Medical Center
Long-Term Care

David W. Kennedy, MD

Professor and Chairman of Otorhinolaryngology, Vice Dean for Professional Affairs, University of Pennsylvania
Senior Vice President, University of Pennsylvania Health System
Disorders of the Nose and Sinuses

Richard P. Kluft, MD

Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, Temple University School of Medicine
Amnesia and Related Disorders

Cheryl M. Kodjo, MD, MPH

Senior Instructor in Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, University of Rochester
Normal Adolescents; Problems in Adolescents

Nancy Ebbesmeyer Lanphear, MD

Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
Behavioral and Developmental Problems in Young Children

Amy Lee, MD

Associate Clinical Professor, Department of Medicine, University of California, Irvine
Overview of Nutrition

Daniel Levinson, MD

Associate Professor (Emeritus) of Family and Community Medicine and Clinical Assistant Professor of Psychiatry, University of Arizona College of Medicine
Travel and Health

James L. Lewis III, MD

Nephrology Associates, PC, BirminghamMinerals and Electrolytes

Lewis A. Lipsitz, MD

Professor and Director, Harvard Division on Aging
Usen Codirector, Hebrew Rehabilitation Center for Aged, Research and Training Institute, Boston
Chief, Gerontology Division, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Low Blood Pressure

Paul D. Lui, MD

Associate Professor of Urology, Loma Linda University School of Medicine
Prostate Disorders

Maren L. Mahowald, MD

Professor of Medicine, University of Minnesota
Chief of Rheumatology, Minneapolis VA Medical Center
Bone and Joint Infections

Gerald L. Mandell, MD

Owen R. Cheatham Professor of the Sciences and Professor of Medicine, University of Virginia Health Center
Biology of Infectious Disease

Edward R. Marcantonio, MD

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School
Director of Quality and Outcomes Research, Hebrew Rehabilitation Center for Aged
Delirium and Dementia

Richard J. Martin, MD

Professor of Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center
Head of Pulmonary Division and Vice Chair of Department of Medicine, National Jewish Medical and Research Center
Asthma

Alfonse T. Masi, MD, DrPH

Professor of Medicine, University of Illinois College of Medicine at Peoria
Professor of Epidemiology, University of Illinois School of Public Health
Disorders of Muscles, Bursas, and Tendons

Richard G. Masson, MD

Associate Professor of Medicine, University of Massachusetts School of Medicine
Chief of Pulmonary Medicine, Framingham Union Hospital
Symptoms and Diagnosis of Lung Disorders; Respiratory Failure

Daniel L. Menkes, MD

Associate Professor of Neurology and Director of Clinical Neurophysiology Services, University of Tennessee, Memphis
Seizure Disorders

Pamela A. Moalli, MD, PhD

Assistant Professor, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
Assistant Professor, Magee-Womens Hospital
Biology of the Female Reproductive System

Mark Monane, MD, MS

Adjunct Associate Clinical Professor, Rutgers College of Pharmacy
Principal, Biotechnology & Life Sciences, Needham and Company, Inc., New York
Drugs and Aging

Pekka Mooar, MD

Associate Professor, Department of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, Temple University School of Medicine
Sports Injuries

David F. Murchison, DDS, MMS

Colonel, USAF, DC
Director, Air Force Dental Operations, USAF Dental Service, Lackland-Kelly Air Force Base
Tooth Disorders

John D. Norante, MD

Associate Professor of Otolaryngology, University of Rochester Medical Center
Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders in Children

J. D. Overton, DDS

Private Dental Practice, Biloxi, MS
Urgent Dental Problems

Dhavalkumar D. Patel, MD, PhD

Associate Professor of Medicine and Chief of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Duke University Medical Center
Biology of the Immune System

Sidney F. Phillips, MD

Professor of Medicine (Emeritus), Karl F. and Marjory Hasselmann Professor of Research, Mayo Medical School
Consultant, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN
Bowel Movement Disorders

Harold C. Pillsbury III, MD

Thomas J. Dark Distinguished Professor and Chairman, Department of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Biology of the Ears, Nose, and Throat

Thomas A. E. Platts-Mills, MD

Professor of Internal Medicine and Microbiology and Head of Asthma and Allergic Disease Center, University of Virginia
Allergic Reactions

Jerome B. Posner, MD

Professor of Neurology and Neurosciences, Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Attending Neurologist, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Low Back Pain

Douglas J. Pritchard, MD

Consultant of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN
Bone Tumors

Mirza I. Rahman, MD, MPH

Adjunct Professor of Pharmacoepidemiology, Temple University School of Pharmacy
Director, Medical Services, Merck & Co., Inc.
Prevention

Jeffrey B. Reich, MD

Assistant Professor of Neurology, Cornell University Medical College
Headaches

Norman R. Relkin, MD, PhD

Associate Professor of Clinical Neurology and Neuroscience, Weill Cornell Medical College
Director, Cornell Memory Disorders Program, New York-Presbyterian Hospital
Brain Dysfunction

Hal B. Richerson, MD

Professor of Internal Medicine (Emeritus), University of Iowa
Allergic Diseases of the Lungs

Joel E. Richter, MD

Professor of Medicine, Ohio State University Health Science Center at the Cleveland Clinic
Chair of Gastroenterology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation
Disorders of the Esophagus

Melvin I. Roat, MD

Assistant Surgeon, Wills Eye Hospital, Philadelphia
Refractive Disorders; Uveitis

William O. Robertson, MD

Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington
Medical Director, Washington Poison Center
Poisoning

Austin S. Rose, MD

Assistant Professor, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Biology of the Ears, Nose, and Throat

G. Victor Rossi, PhD

Leonard and Madlyn Abramson Professor of Pharmacology, Philadelphia College of Pharmacy and Science, University of the Sciences in Philadelphia
Overview of Drugs; Adverse Drug Reactions; Drug Dynamics

Thomas M. Rossi, MD

Professor of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry
Digestive Disorders

Robert J. Ruben, MD

Distinguished University Professor, Department of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Medical Center
Throat Disorders

Albert A. Rundio, Jr., PhD

Associate Professor of Nursing, Drexel University of the Health Sciences
Prevention

Steven A. Sahn, MD

Professor of Medicine and Director of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina
Pleural Disorders

Tracey Schefter, MD

Assistant Professor of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado Cancer Center
Radiation Injury

Charles A. Schiffer, MD

Professor of Medicine and Oncology, Karmanos Cancer Institute, Wayne State University School of Medicine
Leukemias

Rodney J. Schlosser, MD

Assistant Professor, Director of Rhinology and Sinus Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology, Medical University of South Carolina
Disorders of the Nose and Sinuses

H. Ralph Schumacher, Jr., MD

Professor of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Director of Arthritis-Immunology Center, VA Medical Center, Philadelphia
Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis; Autoimmune Disorders of Connective Tissue; Vasculitic Disorders of Connective Tissue; Bone Disorders in Children; Hereditary Connective Tissue Disorders; Rheumatoid Arthritis and Other Types of Inflammatory Arthritis Disorders

John T. Schulz III, MD, PhD

Instructor in Surgery, Harvard Medical School
Attending Physician, Burn, Trauma, and General Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital
Diverticular Disease

Yasmin Suzanne N. Senturias, MD

Postdoctoral Fellow of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine
Normal Preschool and School-Aged Children

Eldon A. Shaffer, MD

Professor of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary
Diagnostic Tests for Liver, Gallbladder, and Biliary Disorders; Fatty Liver, Cirrhosis, and Related Disorders; Blood Vessel Disorders of the Liver; Gallbladder Disorders

Stewart Shankel, MD

Clinical Professor of Medicine and Director of Clinical Medicine, University of California at Riverside
Blood Vessel Disorders of the Kidneys

Jerome B. Simon, MD

Professor of Medicine, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
Biology of the Liver and Gallbladder; Clinical Manifestations of Liver Disease; Hepatitis; Liver Tumors

Arthur T. Skarin, MD

Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School
Attending Physician of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute; and Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital
Lymphomas

Richard V. Smith, MD

Vice Chair, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Director, Head and Neck Service, Montefiore Medical Center
Nose and Throat Cancers

Gordon L. Snider, MD

Maurice B. Strauss Professor of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease; Bronchitis

Spotswood L. Spruance, MD

Professor of Medicine, Adjunct Professor of Dermatology, and Adjunct Professor of Pharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of Utah
Viral Infections

Scott Steidl, MD, DMA

Director of Vitreoretinal Disease, University of Maryland Medical Center
Retinal Disorders

E. Richard Stiehm, MD

Professor of Pediatrics and Chief of Immunology, Allergy, and Rheumatology, Mattel Children's Hospital at UCLA
Immunodeficiency Disorders

Matthew J. Stiller, MD

Associate Professor of Clinical Dermatology, College of Physicians & Surgeons, Columbia University
Biology of the Skin; Diagnosis and Treatment of Skin Disorders; Itching and Noninfectious Rashes; Acne; Hair Disorders; Sweating Disorders; Sunlight and Skin Damage; Pigment Disorders; Blistering Diseases

Albert J. Stunkard, MD

Professor of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Obesity

Norman Sussman, MD

Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine
Director of Psychopharmacology Research and Consultation Service, Bellevue Hospital Center
Depression and Mania

Paul H. Tanser, MD

Professor of Medicine (Emeritus), McMaster University
Medical Head of Cardiology, Palmerston North Hospital, New Zealand
Cardiomyopathy

Annette Terebuh, MD

Mary Rutan Hospital, Bellefontaine, OHGlaucoma

Josip Terebuh, MD

Eye Physician and Surgeon, Mary Rutan Hospital, Bellefontaine, OH
Glaucoma

Francoise Thierfelder, MD

Fellow of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine
Normal Preschool and School-Aged Children

B. Taylor Thompson, MD

Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School
Director of Medical Intensive Care Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Ronald G. Tompkins, MD, ScD

John F. Burke Professor of Surgery, Harvard University
Visiting Surgeon, Massachusetts General Hospital
Gastrointestinal Emergencies; Diverticular Disease

Thomas N. Tozer, PhD

Professor (Emeritus) of Biopharmaceutical Sciences and Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of California at San Francisco
Drug Administration and Kinetics

Barbara Braunstein Wilson, MD

Edward P. Cawley Associate Professor of Dermatology, University of Virginia
Parasitic Skin Infections; Fungal Skin Infections; Viral Skin Infections

Marilyn Wright, MS, MPH

Director of Community Case Management, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston
Pressure Sores

Thomas M. Zizic, MD

Associate Professor of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Codirector, Chesapeake Medical Research
Avascular Necrosis of the Bone

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