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  • Diseases of Llamas and Alpacas
  • Stomach, llama

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    Stomach, llama

    Stomach, llama. The first compartment is the fermentation vat. Note the ventral saccules, which have a glandular epithelium. The second compartment seems to function similar to the reticulum of ruminants. The flow of ingesta from the second into the third compartment is regulated at their junction. In the live animal, only the first compartment is visible on the left.

    Illustration by Dr. Gheorghe Constantinescu. Adapted, with permission, from the Color Atlas of Large Animal Applied Anatomy by Hilary M. Clayton and Peter F. Flood, Mosby-Wolfe, 1996.

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