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  • Noninfectious Disorders of Amphibians
  • Scoliosis due to vitamin B deficiency, tadpole

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    Scoliosis due to vitamin B deficiency, tadpole

    This Phyllomedusa hypochondrialis tadpole and its cohorts developed scoliosis as a result of vitamin B deficiency. Subsequent clutches were normal when supplemented with vitamin B complex.

    Courtesy of the National Aquarium.

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