A sweat test measures the amount of chloride, a part of salt, in Sweat . It is used to diagnose cystic fibrosis (CF). People with CF have a high level of chloride in their sweat.
CF is a disease that causes mucus build-up in the lungs and other organs. It damages the lungs and makes it hard to breathe . It can also lead to frequent infections and malnutrition . CF is an inherited disease , which means it is passed down from your parents, through genes.
Genes are parts of DNA that carry information that determine your unique traits, such as height and eye color. Genes are also responsible for certain health problems. To have cystic fibrosis, you must have a CF gene from both your mother and your father. If only one parent has the gene, you will not get the disease.
Other names: sweat chloride test, cystic fibrosis sweat test, sweat electrolytes