Zika is a viral infection usually spread by mosquitos . It can also spread through sex with an infected person or from a pregnant woman to her baby. A Zika virus test looks for signs of the infection in blood or urine.
Mosquitos that carry the Zika virus are most common in areas of the world with tropical climates. These include islands in the Caribbean and the Pacific, and parts of Africa, Central America, South America, and Mexico. In 2016 and 2017, mosquitos carrying the Zika virus were found in parts of the United States, including South Florida. There have not been any reports of Zika virus transmission by mosquitos in the continental United States in the past two years. The last known U.S. case occurred in 2017.
Most people infected with Zika have no symptoms or mild symptoms that last a few days to a week. But a Zika infection can cause serious complications if you are pregnant . A Zika infection during pregnancy can cause a birth defect called microcephaly. Microcephaly can severely affect the development of a baby's brain. Zika infections during pregnancy have also been linked to an increased risk of other birth defects, miscarriage , and stillbirth .
In rare cases, children and adults infected with Zika may get a disease called Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). GBS is a disorder that causes the body's immune system to attack part of the nervous system. GBS is serious, but treatable. If you get GBS, you will probably recover within a few weeks.
Other names: Zika Antibody Test, Zika RT-PCR Test , Zika test