Merck Manual

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Limiting Fat and Cholesterol in the Diet

Limiting Fat and Cholesterol in the Diet

Type of Fat

Recommended Amounts

Food Sources

Saturated

No more than 5 to 7% of total calories

Meats and processed meats

Nonskim dairy products, such as whole milk, cheese, and butter

Artificially hydrogenated vegetable oils

Coconut oil

Polyunsaturated

Replace saturated fat with polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fat

Some vegetable oils, such as soybean oil and corn oil

Fatty fish, such as salmon, mackerel, herring, and trout

Some nuts and seeds, such as walnuts and sunflower seeds

Monounsaturated

Replace saturated fats with polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fat

Canola oil

Safflower oil

Olive oil

Nuts

Avocado

Cholesterol

Decrease intake of foods high in saturated fat and cholesterol

Egg yolks

Organ meats, such as liver

Meat

Poultry

Nonskim dairy products