The outer ear includes your ear lobe and your ear canal. The ear canal is the tube that connects the outside of your ear to your eardrum.
The Outer Ear
What are birth defects of the ear?
Birth defects of the ear are apparent at birth or soon afterward.
Your child's ear may be very small, abnormally shaped, or missing
Some children are missing an ear canal and may not have an eardrum, which affects their hearing
Doctors do surgery to make an abnormal ear look more normal
Children may need special devices to help them hear
How do doctors treat birth defects of the ear?
Treatment depends on what part of the ear is affected.
If the ear is too small or not shaped right, doctors will do surgery to rebuild the ear—they may use an artificial ear (prosthesis), tissue from the ribs, or an implant
If the ear canal is missing or not fully open, doctors do surgery to make a better opening
If the eardrum is missing or deformed, doctors can sometimes do surgery to rebuild it, but often children will need a special implanted hearing aid Treatment of Hearing Loss Many types of hearing loss have no cure, but certain devices can help you hear better and manage daily life. These include: Hearing aids Cochlear implants Brain stem implants Other kinds of... read more