Your thyroid is a gland below the Adam’s apple in your neck.
Your thyroid releases thyroid hormones. The hormones control how fast your body’s chemical functions work (metabolic rate). Almost every cell in your body needs thyroid hormones. Among many other things, thyroid hormones help control:
Thyroid cancer is cancer in your thyroid.
The first sign of thyroid cancer is usually a painless lump in your neck
There are 4 main kinds of thyroid cancer
Thyroid cancer is more common in women and people treated with radiation as a child
Doctors treat different types of thyroid cancer in different ways
The most common type of thyroid cancer is often curable
A painless lump in your neck is usually the first sign of thyroid cancer.
Sometimes a larger cancer may press on your neck, causing:
Thyroid cancers don't usually make thyroid hormones so you aren't likely to have symptoms of hyperthyroidism (too much thyroid hormone).
Treatment depends on the type of cancer and whether it has spread, but doctors often:
After surgery, you may get radioactive iodine or radiation therapy to get rid of any cancer left.
After treatment, you'll have little or no thyroid function, so you will have to take: