Your kidneys are 2 bean-shaped organs that make urine, balance your body’s water and mineral levels, and filter waste out of your blood.
Hypertension is high blood pressure, arterioles are small arteries, "nephro-" refers to kidneys, and "-sclerosis" is scarring or damage.
Benign hypertensive arteriolar nephrosclerosis is kidney damage caused by having high blood pressure for a long period of time.
Kidney damage usually gets worse slowly and can lead to severe chronic kidney disease
It's more common when your blood pressure has been high for a long time
Kidney damage is usually found on a blood test
You don't usually have symptoms until you get kidney failure
Doctors try to control your high blood pressure with medicine
You may need dialysis (a machine filters your blood when your kidneys aren’t able to do it)
Having high blood pressure for a long time puts stress on your blood vessels. Eventually, the stress damages the blood vessels so blood doesn't flow through them well. If blood flow to an organ is poor, the organ can be damaged.
Your risk of kidney damage from high blood pressure is higher if: