PID is an infection in your uterus (womb), in the tubes that connect your ovaries with your uterus (fallopian tubes), or in both. PID can also spread to your ovaries (the sex organs that hold your eggs) and your bloodstream.
An infection you get during sex called an STD (sexually transmitted disease) causes PID
Bacteria (germs) from your vagina (birth canal) get into your uterus
PID can make it difficult to get pregnant (infertility)
PID usually occurs in sexually active women and can be very serious
Doctors treat PID with antibiotics
Symptoms usually happen toward the end of your monthly period or during the few days after your period ends. PID can be severe yet cause mild or no symptoms.
Yes. The infection in PID can spread around the inside of your belly and around your liver. Sometimes a pocket of pus (abscess) forms in your fallopian tubes.
PID can cause scar tissue to form in your fallopian tubes. This scar tissue can prevent you from getting pregnant. If scar tissue forms inside your belly (adhesions), your intestines may get caught in the scar tissue and twisted shut (intestinal obstruction).
Also, if you have had PID and do get pregnant, you're much more likely to have an ectopic pregnancy. In an ectopic pregnancy, your baby grows outside of your uterus. If your baby grows in one of your fallopian tubes instead of your uterus, after a few weeks, the growing baby makes the tube split open. The baby will die, and the tube will bleed so much that you could die.
The doctor will ask you questions and will usually do a pelvic exam. During a pelvic exam, your doctor looks inside your vagina, holding it open with a small instrument called a speculum. Your doctor may:
If the doctor thinks you might have an abscess or pregnancy in your fallopian tube, you'll usually have an ultrasound test.
Because STDs (gonorrhea and chlamydia) are the most likely cause of PID, your doctor will prescribe antibiotics to treat those STDs. You'll usually get a single shot and then take antibiotics by mouth at home for several weeks. If you don't start getting better within 48 hours, you may need to go to the hospital. You may be treated in the hospital right away if:
If you're taking medicine to treat PID, don't have sex until these 2 things happen:
You can't always prevent PID, but to lower your risk:
Have sex with only one partner
Use both condoms and spermicides during sex