Noncancerous (benign) gynecologic growths include cysts, polyps Cervical Polyps Cervical polyps are common fingerlike growths of tissue that protrude into the passageway through the cervix. Polyps are almost always benign (noncancerous). Cervical polyps may be caused by... read more , and fibroids (leiomyomas) Cervical Fibroids Cervical fibroids are benign (noncancerous) smooth muscle tumors of the cervix. A cervical fibroid may cause vaginal bleeding or a discharge, interfere with urinating, or cause pain during sexual... read more . Noncancerous growths can develop on the vulva or in the vagina, uterus, or ovaries. The vulva consists of the labia and other tissues around the opening of the vagina.
External Female Genital Organs
Internal Female Genital Organs
Cysts are closed sacs that are separate from the tissue around them. They often contain fluid, blood, or sometimes solid material. Cysts that commonly occur in the female reproductive organs include the following:
Occasionally, cysts or tumors in an ovary can cause the ovary to twist—a disorder called adnexal torsion Adnexal Torsion Adnexal torsion is twisting of the ovary and sometimes the fallopian tube, interrupting or cutting off the blood supply of these organs. Twisting causes sudden, severe pain and often nausea... read more .
Rarely, certain gynecologic growths become cancerous Overview of Female Reproductive System Cancers Cancers can occur in any part of the female reproductive system—the vulva, vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, or ovaries. These cancers are called gynecologic cancers. The most common... read more .
Other gynecologic abnormalities include
Adenomyosis Uterine Adenomyosis In adenomyosis, tissue from glands in the lining of the uterus (endometrium) grows into the muscular wall of the uterus. The uterus becomes enlarged, sometimes doubling or tripling in size.... read more : Tissue from glands in the lining of the uterus form a growth in the wall of the uterus
Cervical stenosis Cervical Stenosis Cervical stenosis is narrowing or closing of the passageway through the cervix (the lower part of the uterus). Cervical stenosis often causes no symptoms. Cervical stenosis may cause menstrual... read more : Narrowing of the passageway through the lower part of the uterus (cervix) to the larger upper part (body)