Noncancerous (benign) gynecologic growths include cysts, polyps Polyps of the Cervix Cervical polyps are common fingerlike growths of tissue that protrude into the passageway through the cervix. Polyps are almost always benign (noncancerous). Cervical polyps may be caused by... read more , and myomas Cervical Myomas Cervical myomas are smooth, benign tumors in the cervix. A cervical myoma may bleed, become infected, interfere with urinating, or cause pain during sexual intercourse. Doctors can see or feel... read more . Noncancerous growths can develop on the vulva (the area containing the external genital organs) or in the vagina, uterus, or ovaries.
Cysts are closed sacs that are separate from the tissue around them. They often contain fluid or semisolid material. Cysts that commonly occur in the genital organs include the following:
Occasionally, cysts or tumors in an ovary can cause the ovary to twist—a disorder called adnexal torsion Adnexal Torsion Adnexal torsion is twisting of the ovary and sometimes the fallopian tube, cutting off the blood supply of these organs. Twisting causes sudden, severe pain and often vomiting. Doctors use an... read more .
Rarely, certain gynecologic growths become cancerous Overview of Female Reproductive System Cancers Cancers can occur in any part of the female reproductive system—the vulva, vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, or ovaries. These cancers are called gynecologic cancers. The most common... read more .
Other gynecologic abnormalities include
Adenomyosis Adenomyosis In adenomyosis, tissue from glands in the lining of the uterus (endometrium) grows into the muscular wall of the uterus. The uterus becomes enlarged, sometimes doubling or tripling in size.... read more : Tissue from glands in the lining of the uterus form a growth in the wall of the uterus
Cervical stenosis Cervical Stenosis Cervical stenosis is narrowing of the passageway through the cervix (the lower part of the uterus). Cervical stenosis often causes no symptoms. Rarely, the uterus fills with blood or pus. The... read more : Narrowing of the passageway through the lower part of the uterus (cervix) to the larger upper part (body)