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Introduction to Autoimmune Rheumatic Disorders

By

Alana M. Nevares

, MD, The University of Vermont Medical Center

Last full review/revision Feb 2020| Content last modified Feb 2020
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Autoimmune rheumatic disorders include diverse syndromes such as

Patients who receive moderate doses of corticosteroids plus another immunosuppressive drug should usually receive prophylaxis for opportunistic infections such as Pneumocystis jirovecii (see prevention of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia Prevention Pneumocystis jirovecii is a common cause of pneumonia in immunosuppressed patients, especially in those infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and in those receiving systemic corticosteroids... read more Prevention ).

Corticosteroids also the increase risk of osteoporosis.

Key Points

  • Patients with most autoimmune rheumatic disorders are at increased risk of atherosclerosis.

  • Patients who receive moderate doses of corticosteroids plus another immunosuppressive drug should usually receive prophylaxis for opportunistic infections such as Pneumocystis jirovecii.

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Bursae are fluid-filled sac-like cavities that are located where tendons or muscles pass over bony prominences in the body. Bursitis is acute or chronic inflammation of a bursa and can be caused by injury, overuse, inflammatory arthritis, or infection. Which of the following is one of the most common bursae involved when infection is present?
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