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Merck Manual

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Speech Therapy


Alex Moroz

, MD, New York University School of Medicine

Last full review/revision Jun 2017| Content last modified Jul 2017
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Speech therapists can identify the most effective methods of communication for patients who have aphasia, dysarthria, or verbal apraxia or who have had a laryngectomy:

  • Expressive aphasia: A letter or picture board

  • Mild to moderate dysarthria or apraxia: Breathing and muscle control plus repetition exercises

  • Severe dysarthria or apraxia: An electronic device with a keyboard and message display (print or screen)

  • Postlaryngectomy: A new way to produce a voice (eg, by an electrolarynx—see Laryngeal Cancer : Rehabilitation)

Speech therapists may also assist in the diagnosis and treatment of swallowing disorders.

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