Merck Manual

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Some Causes of Seizures in Newborns, Infants, and Children

Some Causes of Seizures in Newborns, Infants, and Children

Type

Disorder

General disorders

High fevers

Infection in the blood (sepsis)

Perinatal asphyxia (not getting enough oxygen), as may occur during labor or delivery

Brain disorders

Bleeding (hemorrhage) within the brain

Infections, such as encephalitis or meningitis

Gene disorders that affect nerve functions in the brain

Tumors (rarely)

Metabolic disorders

Hereditary disorders that affect the processing (metabolism) of amino acids, fats, or carbohydrates

Temporary abnormalities in blood levels of sugar (glucose), calcium, magnesium, vitamin B6, or sodium

Drugs

Use of drugs (such as cocaine, heroin, or the sedative diazepam) by the mother during pregnancy, resulting in withdrawal in the infant

Accidental ingestion of a drug or poison by an infant or young child