Merck Manual

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Drugs for Hypertensive Urgencies in Children

Drugs for Hypertensive Urgencies in Children

Type

Drug*

Some Side Effects

Clonidine

Significant drowsiness, fatigue, dizziness, dry mouth

Hydralazine

Headache, fast heart rate

Isradipine

Common side effects: Flushing, swelling of the lower legs or hands

Severe side effects: Angioedema (allergic swelling that affects the face, lips, and windpipe and may interfere with breathing)

Minoxidil

Common side effects: Dizziness, too low blood pressure, fluid retention

Severe side effects: Heart failure, fluid retention in the lungs, Stevens-Johnson syndrome Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS) and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN) Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS) and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN)

* These drugs are given by mouth (orally).