Merck Manual

Please confirm that you are not located inside the Russian Federation

Effects of Prolonged Alcohol Use

Effects of Prolonged Alcohol Use

Type of Problem

Effects

Nutritional

Anemia (fatigue, weakness, and light-headedness)

Birth defects

Neurologic damage, dementia, difficulty walking and controlling eye movements

Anemia

Pellagra (skin damage, diarrhea, and depression)

Gastrointestinal

Esophagus

Inflammation (esophagitis)

Stomach

Inflammation (gastritis)

Ulcers

Liver

A bleeding tendency (coagulopathy)

Inflammation (hepatitis)

Severe scarring (cirrhosis)

Pancreas

Inflammation (pancreatitis)

Low blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia)

Cardiovascular

Heart

Disturbance of the heart’s rhythm (arrhythmia)

Blood vessels

Neurologic

Brain

Confusion

Poor short-term memory (poor recall of recent events)

Psychosis (loss of contact with reality)

Reduced coordination

Nerves

Deterioration of nerves in the arms and legs that control movements (reduced ability to walk) and sensation.

Genitourinary

Reproductive organs

In men, enlarged breasts, smooth skin, and shrinking of the testes