Merck Manual

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Persistent Truncus Arteriosus
Persistent Truncus Arteriosus
Persistent Truncus Arteriosus

Persistent truncus arteriosus occurs when, during fetal development, the developing truncus does not divide into the pulmonary artery and aorta, resulting in a single, large, blood vessel that exits the heart. As a result, blood that contains oxygen (oxygenated blood) and blood that does not contain oxygen (deoxygenated blood) mix together and enter the body and the lungs.