Merck Manual

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Some Antiviral Drugs for Herpesvirus Infections

Some Antiviral Drugs for Herpesvirus Infections

Drug

Common Uses

Some Side Effects

Acyclovir

Few serious side effects

Rarely, kidney damage

Cidofovir

Kidney damage

Famciclovir

Few serious side effects

Foscarnet

Kidney damage

Ganciclovir

Low white blood cell count

Letermovir

Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea

Swelling of lower legs or hands

Cough

Headache

Fatigue

Abdominal pain

Penciclovir (cream)

Few side effects

Redness at site of application

Trifluridine (eye drops)

Stinging of the eyes

Swelling of the eyelids

Valacyclovir

Few serious side effects (similar to acyclovir)

Valganciclovir

Similar to ganciclovir (that is, a low white blood cell count)

Vidarabine (as ointment applied to the eyes)

Irritation of the eyes

Sensitivity to light