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Doctors decide to place a person on dialysis when kidney failure is causing certain conditions:
Abnormal brain function (uremic encephalopathy)
Certain other severe symptoms, such as loss of appetite or vomiting and weight loss
Inflammation of the sac around the heart ( pericarditis Overview of Pericardial Disease )
A high level of acid in the blood ( acidosis Acidosis ) that does not decrease despite other treatments
Heart failure Heart Failure (HF)
Total body fluid overload
Fluid overload in the lungs (pulmonary edema) that does not respond to other treatments
A very high level of potassium in the blood ( hyperkalemia Hyperkalemia (High Level of Potassium in the Blood) )
A high level of calcium in the blood ( hypercalcemia Hypercalcemia (High Level of Calcium in the Blood) )
Greatly reduced kidney function