Merck Manual

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Some Causes of Dystonia

Some Causes of Dystonia

Type

Examples

Disorders

Genetic disorders, such as generalized dystonia and dopa-responsive dystonia

A severe lack of oxygen to the brain (which may occur at birth or later in life)

Toxicity due to accumulation of certain metals (such as copper in Wilson disease)

Drugs

Drugs used to relieve nausea (antiemetics), such as metoclopramide and prochlorperazine

Drugs used to treat psychosis (antipsychotic drugs), such as chlorpromazine, fluphenazine, haloperidol, and thiothixene