What is a Baker cyst?
A Baker cyst is a fluid-filled sac behind your knee.
The fluid in the cyst comes from your knee joint
You may not have any symptoms unless the cyst breaks open (ruptures)
A ruptured cyst makes your calf swell and hurt
Doctors will drain the fluid from the cyst using a needle and then inject corticosteroids
Rarely, you'll need surgery for the cyst
What causes a Baker cyst?
Baker cysts can happen when too much fluid builds up in your knee joint. The fluid bulges out at the back of your knee.
Baker cysts are more likely if you have:
Torn cartilage in the knee
What are the symptoms of a Baker cyst?
You may not have any symptoms. If you do, you may have:
A bulge at the back of the knee
Pain or discomfort at the back of your knee
Trouble bending your knee
If the cyst bursts open, the fluid can run down inside your calf and you may have:
Painful swelling in your calf
How can doctors tell if I have a Baker cyst?
Your doctor sometimes diagnoses a Baker cyst by examining your knee. Sometimes, doctors do imaging tests, such as:
If the Baker cyst has burst and caused calf swelling, doctors do ultrasound and other tests to check to see if you have a blood clot Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) Thrombosis is when a blood clot (called a thrombus) blocks a blood vessel. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is when a blood clot forms inside a large vein. Usually the vein is deep in your leg, but... read more in the veins in your leg.
How do doctors treat a Baker cyst?
Small Baker cysts don't need treatment and sometimes go away on their own. Doctors will treat any knee problem that is causing the Baker cyst. If the cyst is bigger and bothers you, doctors may:
Drain fluid from the cyst with a needle
Inject medicine (corticosteroid) into the knee to lessen inflammation
Give you medicine for pain
Have you do physical therapy to keep the muscles around the knee strong
Rarely, doctors do surgery to remove the cyst.