Your bowels are your intestines. You have a large intestine and a small intestine. Your small intestine is where food is absorbed.
Malabsorption is when you have trouble absorbing the nutrients in your food. Nutrients are things that provide nutrition to your body. They include protein, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals.
Short bowel syndrome is a problem you get if you've had surgery that removed a lot of your small intestine.
If you don't have enough small intestine, you can't absorb enough nutrients
You'll lose weight and be malnourished
You'll also have gas and diarrhea
Adjusting your diet and taking certain medicines can help lessen your diarrhea
Some people with a very short small intestine need to be fed through their veins
Short bowel syndrome happens after much of your small intestine is removed in surgery. Common reasons for removing part of your small intestine are:
Vitamin and mineral deficiencies can cause:
Low blood count (anemia)
Tingling of hands and feet
If you have short bowel syndrome, you'll likely need:
If these treatments don't let you tolerate eating, doctors may:
Permanently feed you through a vein (called TPN)
Sometimes, doctors will be able to give you a small intestine transplant from someone who died.