Overview of the Male Reproductive System
The male reproductive system is the system in a man's body with the purpose of making babies. Some parts of the male reproductive system, such as the penis and urethra, belong to the urinary system as well. The urinary system makes urine and passes it out of the body.
The male reproductive system includes the:
Testicles: Two testicles inside the scrotum make sperm and testosterone, a male sex hormone
Epididymis: Organ connected to the testicle in which sperm are collected and mature
Vas deferens: Tube that carries sperm from the epididymis to the penis
Seminal vesicles and prostate gland: Organs that make fluid for semen
Urethra: Tube that carries urine and semen through the penis
Penis: The man's sex organ that fills with blood during sexual arousal, causing an erection
The main activities of the male reproductive system include:
Puberty: Getting your body ready to produce sperm and have sex
Erection: Getting the penis stiff so that you can have sex
Ejaculation: Releasing semen
Sperm are the male sex cells, which can fertilize a female's egg and start a pregnancy
Semen is the liquid that contains sperm and comes out of your penis when you ejaculate
Your testicles make millions of sperm, which go into the epididymis to mature. Then they travel through a long tube called the vas deferens on their way to the urethra and out the penis.
Semen is made up of sperm and a lot of liquid that nourishes and transports the sperm. The liquid is produced by your seminal vesicles and prostate and mixes with sperm during ejaculation.
An erection is when your penis gets bigger and stiff (erect). Erections happen when you're sexually aroused and is made possible by both physical and mental factors.
During an erection, the spaces inside your penis fill with blood, making the penis longer, wider, and more firm. Your penis fills with blood because the arteries that bring blood into the penis widen so more blood flows in, and the veins constrict so less blood flows out.
Some problems with a man's reproductive system involve hormones, for example:
Other reproductive system problems include:
Many diseases, such as infections and cancer, can affect a man's reproductive system.
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