(See also Overview of Eye Trauma Overview of Eye Trauma Common causes of eye injury include domestic or industrial accidents (eg, during hammering or exposure to chemicals or cleaners), assault, sporting injuries (including air- or paint pellet-gun... read more .)
Symptoms of posttraumatic iridocyclitis include tearing, throbbing ache and redness of the eye, photophobia, and blurred vision. The pupil may be dilated.
Diagnosis is by history, symptoms, and slit-lamp examination Slit-lamp examination The eye can be examined with routine equipment, including a standard ophthalmoscope; thorough examination requires special equipment and evaluation by an ophthalmologist. History includes location... read more , which typically reveals flare (due to an increase in protein content of the aqueous humor from the inflammatory exudate) and white blood cells in the anterior chamber.
Treatment of posttraumatic iridocyclitis involves a cycloplegic (usually scopolamine 0.25% 3 times a day or homatropine 5% 3 times a day) and topical corticosteroids (eg, prednisolone acetate 1% 4 to 8 times a day).