Your urinary tract is the path that urine follows from your kidneys to your bladder and out of your body. Obstruction means your urinary tract is blocked somewhere along that path.
Urinary tract obstruction can happen in your kidneys, the tubes that connect each kidney to your bladder (ureters), your bladder, or the tube your pee comes out (urethra)
Many things can cause urinary tract obstruction, including scar tissue, tumors, or kidney stones
A urinary tract obstruction can cause pain and infection
If it goes on long enough, a urinary tract obstruction can cause kidney damage
Doctors remove the blockage with medicine or surgery depending on what caused it
Common causes of urinary tract obstruction include:
Other causes of urinary tract obstruction include:
Symptoms of urinary tract obstruction depend on where the obstruction is, how quickly it happens, and how severe the blockage is.
You may have a fever and pus or blood in your urine, if the obstruction causes a urinary tract infection.
Doctors suspect a urinary tract obstruction from your symptoms. To know for sure they usually do:
If that shows obstruction but not the cause, then doctors may:
Doctors may also do blood tests to look for signs of kidney damage and urine tests to look for a urinary tract infection.
Doctors will remove the blockage from your urinary tract.
If you have a kidney stone, doctors usually wait for it to pass on its own
If a kidney stone doesn't pass on its own, doctors try to break it up using powerful sound waves (shock wave lithotripsy) or remove the stone using a scope
For an enlarged prostate , doctors give you medicines or hormones to reduce the size of your prostate
If they can’t remove the blockage, doctors insert a tube through your kidney to drain urine
Doctors will also treat any problems your urinary tract obstruction caused, such as a urinary tract infection or kidney problem.