Merck Manual

Please confirm that you are a health care professional

honeypot link

Epiretinal Membrane

(Macular Pucker; Cellophane Maculopathy; Premacular Fibrosis)

By

Sonia Mehta

, MD, Vitreoretinal Diseases and Surgery Service, Wills Eye Hospital, Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University

Last full review/revision Jun 2020| Content last modified Jun 2020
Click here for Patient Education

Epiretinal membrane is formation of a thin, fibrotic membrane over the retina that contracts, wrinkling the underlying retina and interfering with vision.

Epiretinal membrane typically occurs after age 50 and is most common among people > 75.

Risk factors for epiretinal membrane are the following:

  • Diabetic retinopathy

  • Uveitis

  • Retinal tear or detachment

  • Ocular injury

Most cases are idiopathic.

Symptoms may include blurred vision or distorted vision (eg, straight lines may appear wavy). Many patients say that it seems like they are looking through plastic wrap or cellophane. Diagnosis is by funduscopy and optical coherence tomography.

Most people need no treatment. If problems with vision are significant, the membrane can be removed surgically with vitrectomy and membrane peel.

Click here for Patient Education
NOTE: This is the Professional Version. CONSUMERS: Click here for the Consumer Version
Professionals also read

Test your knowledge

Diabetic Retinopathy
In patients with diabetic retinopathy, which of the following disease manifestations is the most common cause of vision loss? 
Download the Manuals App iOS ANDROID
Download the Manuals App iOS ANDROID
Download the Manuals App iOS ANDROID
 

Also of Interest

 
TOP