Merck Manual

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Cystoscopy

By

Paul H. Chung

, MD, Sidney Kimmel Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University

Last full review/revision May 2020| Content last modified May 2020
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Cystoscopy is insertion of a rigid or flexible fiberoptic instrument into the bladder.

Indications include the following:

The main contraindication is active urinary tract infection (UTI).

Cystoscopy is usually done in an outpatient setting with use of local anesthesia (urethral application of 2% lidocaine gel) or, when necessary, conscious sedation or general anesthesia. Complications include UTI, bleeding, and bladder and/or urethral trauma.

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